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Judith Kelley, Dean of Sanford School of Public Policy and Assistant Professor of Public Policy Studies and Political Science

Judith Kelley

Research interests: 1)The influence of international actors on democratic and human rights reforms 2) The role of international law in government behavior 3) The evolution of international norms and laws

Contact Info:
Office Location:  124A Sanford Building
Office Phone:  (919) 613-7309
Email Address: send me a message
Web Page:  http://www.duke.edu/~jkelley


Ph.D. Harvard University2001
M.P.P. Harvard University1997
B.A.Stanford University1995

International Relations
Political Science/Government
Comparative Politics
Political Institutions
Research Interests: International Relations, European Integration, Democracy and Human Rights, International Organizations, international delegation, Election monitoring

My research and teaching interests lie at the intersection of international relations and comparative politics. My work focuses on two broad themes: The role of international actors in the promotion of domestic political reforms, and the role of international norms and law in state behavior. To this end, I combine multiple tools of inference such case studies, interviews and statistical analysis, and frequently generate my own data. Substantively, my work addresses human rights and democracy, international election observation, the International Criminal Court, the European Union and other international organizations. Details on my current project are on the web at Project on International Election Monitoring. My work has been published by Princeton University Press, and in journals such as the American Political Science Review, International Organization and the Journal of Common Market Studies.

Areas of Interest:

International Relations
European Integration
Democracy and Human Rights
International institutions
international law
Election monitoring


International Relations • European Integration • Democracy and Human Rights • International Organizations • international delegation • Election monitoring

Curriculum Vitae
Current Ph.D. Students   (Former Students)

  • Andrew Heiss  
  • Sinziana Dorobantu-Popa  
  • Daniel Kselman  
  • Chris Whytock  
Representative Publications   (More Publications)

  1. Kelley, JG; Simmons, BA, Politics by number: Indicators as social pressure in international relations, American Journal of Political Science, vol. 59 no. 1 (January, 2015), pp. 55-70, ISSN 0092-5853 [abstract], [doi]  [abs]
  2. Judith Kelley and Jon Pevehouse, An Opportunity Cost Theory of Treaty Ratification, International Studies Quarterly (forthcoming)  [abs]
  3. Kelley, J, Do international election monitors increase or decrease opposition boycotts?, Comparative Political Studies, vol. 44 no. 11 (November, 2011), pp. 1527-1556, SAGE Publications, ISSN 0010-4140 [0010414011399885.abstract], [doi]  [abs]
  4. with Susan Hyde,, The Limits of Election Monitoring: What Independent Observation Can (and Can’t) Do, Foreign Affairs (June, 2011) [the-limits-of-election-monitoring]
  5. Kelley, J, Election observers and their biases, Journal of Democracy, vol. 21 no. 3 (2010), pp. 158-172, Johns Hopkins University Press, ISSN 1045-5736 [repository], [doi]  [abs]
  6. Kelley, J, D-Minus elections: The politics and norms of international election observation, International Organization, vol. 63 no. 4 (Fall, 2009), pp. 765-787, Cambridge University Press (CUP), ISSN 0020-8183 [doi]  [abs]
  7. J. Kelley, The Potential for Organizational Membership Rules to Enhance Regional Cooperation?, in Integrating Regions: Asia in Comparative Perspective, edited by Miles Kahler and Andrew MacIntyre (2013), pp. 78-103, Stanford University Press, Palo Alto
  8. Kelley, J, The more the merrier? the effects of having multiple international election monitoring organizations, Perspectives on Politics, vol. 7 no. 1 (March, 2009), pp. 59-64, Cambridge University Press (CUP), ISSN 1537-5927 [displayAbstract], [doi]  [abs]
  9. Kelley, JG, International influences on elections in new multiparty states, Annual Review of Political Science, vol. 15 no. 1 (June, 2012), pp. 203-220, ANNUAL REVIEWS, ISSN 1094-2939 [doi]  [abs]
  10. Bradley, C; Kelley, J, The Concept of International Delegation, Law & Contemporary Problems, vol. 71 no. 1 (Winter, 2008), pp. 1-36, ISSN 0023-9186  [abs]
  11. Kelley, JG, Assessing the Complex Evolution of Norms: The Rise of International Election Monitoring, International Organization, vol. 62 no. 2 (Spring, 2008), pp. 221-255, Cambridge University Press (CUP), ISSN 0020-8183 [displayAbstract], [doi]  [abs]
  12. Kelley, J, Who keeps international commitments and why? The international criminal court and bilateral nonsurrender agreements, American Political Science Review, vol. 101 no. 3 (August, 2007), pp. 573-589, Cambridge University Press (CUP), ISSN 0003-0554 [displayIssue], [doi]  [abs]
  13. Kelley, J, New wine in old wineskins: Promoting political reforms through the new European neighbourhood policy, Jcms: Journal of Common Market Studies, vol. 44 no. 1 (March, 2006), pp. 29-55, WILEY [online], [doi]  [abs]
  14. Kelley, J, Strategic non-cooperation as soft balancing: Why Iraq was not just about Iraq, International Politics, vol. 42 no. 2 (June, 2005), pp. 153-173, Springer Nature [repository], [doi]  [abs]
  15. J. Kelley, Ethnic Politics in Europe: The Power of Norms and Incentives. 2004 (2006 Paperback version), Princeton University Press [online]  [abs]
  16. Kelley, JG, International Actors on the Domestic Scene: Membership Conditionality and Socialization by International Institutions, International Organization, vol. 58 no. 3 (Summer, 2004), pp. 425-457, Cambridge University Press (CUP), ISSN 0020-8183 (Reprinted in Martin, Lisa, Editor. Global Governance, Ashgate 2008.) [Gateway.cgi], [doi]  [abs]
  17. Kelley, J, Does domestic politics limit the influence of external actors on ethnic politics?, Human Rights Review, vol. 4 no. 3 (2003), pp. 34-54, Springer Nature, ISSN 1524-8879 (April-June 2003.) [available here], [doi]  [abs]
  18. J. Kelley, Data on International Election Monitoring: Three Global Datasets on Election Quality, Election Events and International Election Observation., [Computer file]. ICPSR31461-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor] (December 1, 2011) (doi:10.3886/ICPSR31461.v1.)  [abs]

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