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Manuel S Leal, Assistant Professor

Manuel S Leal
Contact Info:
Office Location:  211 Biological Sciences Building
Office Phone:  (919) 613-8220
Email Address: send me a message


PhD BiologyWashington University, St. Louis2000
MS BiologyUniversity of Puerto Rico, Río Piedras, Puerto Rico1994
BS BiologyUniversity of Puerto Rico, Río Piedras, Puerto Rico1990

Organismal Biology and Behavior
Ecology and Population Biology
Research Interests: Behavioral and Evolutionary Ecology of Lizards, Animal Communication

Current Ph.D. Students   (Former Students)

  • Elizabeth Knowlton  
  • David Steinberg  
  • Alex Gunderson  
Representative Publications   (More Publications)

  1. Leal, M. and A. R. Gunderson, Rapid change in thermal tolerance of a tropical lizard., American Naturalist, vol. 180 (2012), pp. 815-822
  2. Leal M. and B. J. Powell, Behavioural flexibility and problem solving in a tropical lizard, Biology Letters, vol. 8 (2012), pp. 28-30, ISSN doi:10.1098/rsbl.2011.0480
  3. Kolbe, J. J., M. Leal, T. W. Schoener, D. A. Spiller, and J. B. Losos, Founder Effects Persist Despite Adaptive Differentiation: A Replicated Field Experiment in a Caribbean Lizard, Science, vol. 335 (2012), pp. 1086-1089 [doi]
  4. Gunderson, A. R., and M. Leal, Geographic variation in vulnerability to climate warming in a tropical Caribbean lizard, Functional Ecology, vol. 26 (2012), pp. 786-793
  5. Fleishman, L.J., M. Leal, and M.H. Persons, Habitat light and dewlap color diversity in four species of Puerto Rican anoline lizards, Journal of Coparative Physiology A, vol. 195 (2009), pp. 1043-1069
  6. Johnson, M. A., M. Leal, L. Rodríguez-Schettino, A. Chamizo Lara, L. J. Revell, and J. B. Losos, A phylogenetic perspective on foraging mode evolution and habitat use in West Indian Anolis lizards., Animal Behaviour, vol. 75 (2008), pp. 555-563
  7. Fleishman, L. J., M. Leal and J. Sheehan, Illumination geometry, detector position and objective determination of animal signal colours in natural light, Animal Behaviour, vol. 71 (2006), pp. 463-474
  8. Leal, M. and L. J. Fleishman, Differences in visual signal design and detectability between allopatric populations of Anolis lizards, American Naturalist, vol. 163 (2004), pp. 26-39
  9. Leal, M, and L. J. Fleishman, Evidence for habitat partitioning based on adapation to environmental light in a pair of sympatric lizard species, Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, B, vol. 269 (2002), pp. 351-359
  10. M. Leal, Honest signalling during prey-predator interactions in the lizard Anolis cristatellus, Animal Behaviour, vol. 58 (1999), pp. 521-526

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