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Publications [#278668] of Paul A. Baker

Papers Accepted

  1. Droxler, AW; Morse, JW; Glaser, KS; Haddad, GA; Baker, PA, Surface sediment carbonate mineralogy and water column chemistry: Nicaragua Rise versus the Bahamas, Marine Geology, vol. 100 no. 1-4 (January, 1991), pp. 277-289, Elsevier BV, ISSN 0025-3227 [doi]
    (last updated on 2019/09/22)

    Abstract:
    Periplatform surface sediments were studied for carbonate mineralogy in conjunction with analyses of the water column for carbonate chemistry on the eastern Northern Nicaragua Rise (NNR) in the Caribbean Sea. The results show a strong correspondence between variations and disappearance, with increasing water depth, of metastable carbonate minerals (fine aragonite and magnesian calcite) and their respective saturation levels in the overlying waters. Similar correspondence between variations in sediment proportions of fine aragonite and magnesian calcite and their respective saturation levels has previously been established in the Bahamas. There are, however, significant differences between the two areas. The sharp decrease in aragonite content and the measured aragonite saturation level occur at 4000 m in the Bahamas, compared to 1800 m on the eastern NNR. In both areas, magnesian calcite minima correspond to the in situ PCO2 maxima in the water column. The magnesian calcite minimum, however, is at 950 m in the Bahamas and 750 m on the eastern NNR. Magnesian calcite disappears in the Bahamas at 3800 m and at 2000 m on the eastern NNR. These results demonstrate the importance of the influence of overlying water chemistry on the preservation of metastable carbonate minerals in off-bank periplatform sediments, and they clearly demonstrate the difference in terms of carbonate preservation between the poorly ventilated waters of the Caribbean Sea and the well-oxygenated waters of the adjacent Atlantic Ocean. They also open the possibility of obtaining paleoceanographic information on the depth of the CO2 maximum (O2 minimum) and its separation from the aragonite saturation depth in at least some areas. © 1991.


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