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Publications of Laurens E. Howle    :chronological  alphabetical  combined  bibtex listing:

Book Chapters

  1. L.E. Howle, Topics in Heat Transfer, in Transport Phenomena in Porous Media, Second Edition, edited by D.B. Ingham and I. Pop (2002), Pergamon

Papers Published

  1. K Alex Shorter, MM Murray, M Johnson, M Moore and LE Howle, Drag of suction cup tags on swimming animals: Modeling and measurement, Marine Mammal Science, vol. 30 no. 2 (January, 2014), pp. 726-746, ISSN 0824-0469 [doi]  [abs]
  2. BC Balmer, RS Wells, LE Howle, AA Barleycorn, WA McLellan, D Ann Pabst, TK Rowles, LH Schwacke, FI Townsend, AJ Westgate and ES Zolman, Advances in cetacean telemetry: A review of single-pin transmitter attachment techniques on small cetaceans and development of a new satellite-linked transmitter design, Marine Mammal Science, vol. 30 no. 2 (January, 2014), pp. 656-673, ISSN 0824-0469 [doi]  [abs]
  3. PW Weber, LE Howle, MM Murray, JS Reidenberg and FE Fish, Hydrodynamic performance of the flippers of large-bodied cetaceans in relation to locomotor ecology, Marine Mammal Science, vol. 30 no. 2 (January, 2014), pp. 413-432, ISSN 0824-0469 [doi]  [abs]
  4. K Alex Shorter, MM Murray, M Johnson, M Moore and LE Howle, Drag of suction cup tags on swimming animals: Modeling and measurement, Marine Mammal Science (2013), ISSN 0824-0469
  5. BC Balmer, RS Wells, LE Howle, AA Barleycorn, WA Mcclellan, D Ann Pabst, TK Rowles, LH Schwacke, FI Townsend, AJ Westgate and ES Zolman, Advances in cetacean telemetry: A review of single-pin transmitter attachment techniques on small cetaceans and development of a new satellite-linked transmitter design, Marine Mammal Science (2013), ISSN 0824-0469
  6. LE Howle, Analytic gain in probabilistic decompression sickness models, Computers in Biology and Medicine, vol. 43 no. 11 (2013), pp. 1739-1747, ISSN 0010-4825 [doi]  [abs]
  7. PW Weber, LE Howle, MM Murray, JS Reidenberg and FE Fish, Hydrodynamic performance of the flippers of large-bodied cetaceans in relation to locomotor ecology, Marine Mammal Science (2013), ISSN 0824-0469 [doi]  [abs]
  8. MR Bashir, PW Weber, DB Husarik, LE Howle and RC Nelson, Improved aortic enhancement in CT angiography using slope-based triggering with table speed optimization: a pilot study., Int J Cardiovasc Imaging, vol. 28 no. 6 (August, 2012), pp. 1533-1543 [21898186], [doi]  [abs]
  9. DB Husarik, MR Bashir, PW Weber, EB Nichols, LE Howle, EM Merkle and RC Nelson, Contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography: first-pass arterial enhancement as a function of gadolinium-chelate concentration, and the saline chaser volume and injection rate., Invest Radiol, vol. 47 no. 2 (February, 2012), pp. 121-127 [21934516], [doi]  [abs]
  10. PW Weber, LE Howle, MM Murray and JM Corless, A simplified mass-transfer model for visual pigments in amphibian retinal-cone outer segments., Biophys J, vol. 100 no. 3 (February, 2011), pp. 525-534, ISSN 0006-3495 [21281566], [doi]  [abs]
  11. FE Fish, PW Weber, MM Murray and LE Howle, Marine applications of the biomimetic humpback whale flipper, Marine Technology Society Journal, vol. 45 no. 4 (2011), pp. 198-207, ISSN 0025-3324 [doi]  [abs]
  12. FE Fish, PW Weber, LE Howle, MM Murray and JS Reidenberg, Hydrodynamic performance of the flippers of large-bodied cetaceans, Secondary Adaptation of Tetrapods to Life in Water (2011)
  13. FE Fish, PW Weber, MM Murray and LE Howle, The tubercles on humpback whales' flippers: Application of bio-inspired technology, Integrative and Comparative Biology, vol. 51 no. 1 (2011), pp. 203-213, ISSN 1540-7063 [doi]  [abs]
  14. PW Weber, LE Howle, MM Murray and DS Miklosovic, Computational evaluation of the performance of lifting surfaces with leading-edge protuberances, Journal of Aircraft, vol. 48 no. 2 (2011), pp. 591-600, ISSN 0021-8669 [doi]  [abs]
  15. Husarik, D.B.B., Mashir, M.S.R., Weber, P.W., Nichols, E.B., Merkle, E.M., Howle, L.E., Nelson, R.C., Gadolinium-enhanced MR angiography: Effects of the contrast media dose on peak signal intensity relative to the injection rate of saline chaser, 97th Scientific Assembly and Annual Meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (2010)
  16. Husarik, D.B.B., Bashir, M.S.R., Weber, P.W., Nichols, E.B., Howle, L.E., Nelson, R.C., Gadolinium-enhanced MR Angiography: Effects of volume and rate of the saline chaser on peak aortic signal intensity, 97th Scientific Assembly and Annual Meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (2010)
  17. Walker, J.R., Hobbs, G.W., Gault, K.A., Howle, L.W., Freiberger, J.J., The oxygen window's effect on decompression risk: 20fsw vs. 10fsw, Proceedings of the 2010 Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society Meeting (2010)
  18. Walker, J.R., Hobbs, G.W., Gault, K.A., Howle, L.W., Freiberger, J.J., Decompression risk analysis comparing oxygen and 50% nitrox decompression stops, Proceedings of the 2010 Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society Meeting (2010)
  19. Vann, R.D., Weber, P.W., Di Muro, G., Howle, L.E., Adding venous gas emboli (VGE) to the linear-exponential (LE) decompression model, Proceedings of the 2010 Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society Meeting (2010)
  20. Husarik, D.B., Weber, P.W., Bashir, M.S.R., Nichols, E.B., Merkle, E.M., Howle, L.E., Nelson, R.C., Gadolinium-enhanced MR angiography: Optimization of contrast media doses for imaging patients with compromised renal function, Society of Computed Body Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Meeting (2010)
  21. DB Macha, RC Nelson, LE Howle, JW Hollingsworth and ST Schindera, Response, Radiology, vol. 255 no. 2 (2010), pp. 662-, ISSN 0033-8419 [doi]
  22. PW Weber, LE Howle and MM Murray, Lift, drag, and cavitation onset on rudders with leading-edge tubercles, Marine Technology, vol. 47 no. 1 (2010), pp. 27-36, ISSN 0025-3316  [abs]
  23. PW Weber, MM Murray, LE Howle and FE Fish, Comparison of real and idealized cetacean flippers., Bioinspir Biomim, vol. 4 no. 4 (December, 2009), pp. 046001, ISSN 1748-3182 [19834251], [doi]  [abs]
  24. CA Coursey, RC Nelson, PW Weber, LE Howle, EB Nichols, D Marin and D DeLong, Contrast material administration protocols for 64-MDCT angiography: altering volume and rate and use of a saline chaser to better match the imaging window--physiologic phantom study., AJR Am J Roentgenol, vol. 193 no. 6 (December, 2009), pp. 1568-1575, ISSN 0361-803X [19933649], [doi]  [abs]
  25. LE Howle, PW Weber and RD Vann, A computationally advantageous system for fitting probabilistic decompression models to empirical data., Comput Biol Med, vol. 39 no. 12 (December, 2009), pp. 1117-1129, ISSN 0010-4825 [19853847], [doi]  [abs]
  26. DB Macha, RC Nelson, LE Howle, JW Hollingsworth and ST Schindera, Central venous catheter integrity during mechanical power injection of iodinated contrast medium., Radiology, vol. 253 no. 3 (December, 2009), pp. 870-878, ISSN 0033-8419 [19789224], [doi]  [abs]
  27. LE Howle, PW Weber, RD Vann and MC Campbell, Marginal DCS events: their relation to decompression and use in DCS models., J Appl Physiol (1985), vol. 107 no. 5 (November, 2009), pp. 1539-1547, ISSN 8750-7587 [19696367], [doi]  [abs]
  28. PW Weber, CA Coursey, LE Howle, RC Nelson, EB Nichols and ST Schindera, Modifying peripheral IV catheters with side holes and side slits results in favorable changes in fluid dynamic properties during the injection of iodinated contrast material., AJR Am J Roentgenol, vol. 193 no. 4 (October, 2009), pp. 970-977, ISSN 0361-803X [19770318], [doi]  [abs]
  29. Weber, Paul W. and Howle, Laurens E. and Murray, Mark M. and Fish, Frank E., Lift and drag performance of odontocete cetacean flippers, JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY, vol. 212 no. 14 (July, 2009), pp. 2149--2158, ISSN 0022-0949 [doi]  [abs]
  30. PW Weber, LE Howle, MM Murray and FE Fish, Lift and drag performance of odontocete cetacean flippers, JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY, vol. 212 no. 14 (July, 2009), pp. 2149-2158, ISSN 0022-0949 [Gateway.cgi], [doi]  [abs]
  31. RD Vann, PJ Denoble, LE Howle, PW Weber, JJ Freiberger and CF Pieper, Resolution and severity in decompression illness., Aviat Space Environ Med, vol. 80 no. 5 (May, 2009), pp. 466-471, ISSN 0095-6562 [19456008], [doi]  [abs]
  32. FE Fish, LL Timm, MM Murray and LE Howle, Ecological morphology of the flippers of cetaceans based on two-dimensional geometry, INTEGRATIVE AND COMPARATIVE BIOLOGY, vol. 49 (February, 2009), pp. E229-E229, ISSN 1540-7063 [Gateway.cgi]
  33. Murray, M., Weber, P., Howle, E., Fish, F., Comparison of real and idealized cetacean flippers, American Physical Society Division of Fluid Dynamics Meeting (2009)
  34. Howle, L.E., Weber, P.W., Vann, R.D., Denoble, P.J., Campbell, M.C., Probabilistic DCS models using hierarchical outcome severity, Proceedings of the 2009 Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society Meeting (2009)
  35. Howle, L.E., Weber, P.W., Vann, R.D., Denoble, P.J., Campbell, M.C., The role of marginal outcomes in the fitting of probabilistic DCS models, Proceedings of the 2009 Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society Meeting (2009)
  36. Vann, R.D., Denoble, P.J., Howle, L.E., Weber, P.W., Freiberger, J.J., Pieper, C.F., Nord, D., Decompression illness (DCI) and survival analysis, Proceedings of the 2009 Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society Meeting (2009)
  37. Fish, Frank E. and Howle, Laurens E. and Murray, Mark M., Hydrodynamic flow control in marine mammals, INTEGRATIVE AND COMPARATIVE BIOLOGY, vol. 48 no. 6 (December, 2008), pp. 788--800, ISSN 1540-7063 [doi]  [abs]
  38. FE Fish, LE Howle and MM Murray, Hydrodynamic flow control in marine mammals., Integr Comp Biol, vol. 48 no. 6 (December, 2008), pp. 788-800, ISSN 1540-7063 [21669832], [doi]  [abs]
  39. ST Schindera, RC Nelson, L Howle, E Nichols, DM DeLong and EM Merkle, Effect of varying injection rates of a saline chaser on aortic enhancement in CT angiography: phantom study., Eur Radiol, vol. 18 no. 8 (2009), pp. 1683-1689, ISSN 0938-7994 [18351346], [doi]  [abs]
  40. Vann, R.D., Howle, L.E., Dunford, R.G. & Denoble, P.D., The optimal path, Decompression and the Deep Stop Workshop Proceedings (June, 2008), Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Salt Lake City, UT
  41. Coursey, C., Nelson, R.C., Weber, P.W., Nichols, E., Marin, D. & Howle, L.E., Ultrafast multidetector CT angiography of the chest and abdomen: How do alterations in rates of contrast media and saline chaser injection and alterations in cardiac output effect peak aortic enhancement?, 94th Scientific Assembly and Annual Meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (2008)
  42. Murray, M., Weber, P., Howle, L. & Fish, F., Lift and Drag of Cetacean Flippers, 61st Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics (2008)
  43. Nichols, E., Nelson, R.C., Schindera, S.T. & Howle, L.E., Mechanical power injection of iodinates contrast media: quantitative assessment of angiocatheter exit jet dynamics, 37th Annual Postgraduate Course and Scientific Meeting of the Society of Gastrointestinal Radiologists (2008)
  44. Nichols, E., Nelson, R.C., Schindera, S.T. & Howle, L.E., Mechanical power injection of iodinated contrast media: quantitative assessment of angiocatheter exit jet dynamics using different injection rates and catheter sizes, 104th Annual Meeting of the American Roetgen Ray Society (2008)
  45. Dunford, R.G., Denoble, P.J., Vann, R.D., Shannon, J.S., Pollock, N.W. & Howle, L.E., The relationship of age and BMI to Doppler-detected bubble grades, Proceedings of the 2008 Underwater and Hyperbaric Medical Society Meeting (2008)
  46. Vann, R.D., Dunford, R.G., Denoble, P.D. & Howle, L.E., The probabilities of DCS and VGE after nitrogen-oxygen diving, Proceedings of the 2008 Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society Meeting (2008)
  47. Howle, L.E., Weber, P.W. & Vann, R.D., Is marginal DCS ("niggles") real or random noise?, Proceedings of the 2008 Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society Meeting (2008)
  48. Vann, R.D., Howle, L.E., Pieper, C.F., Denoble, P.D., Freiberger, J.J., Moon, R.E., Statistical prediction of residual DCI symptoms after decompression, Proceedings of the 2008 Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society Meeting (2008)
  49. Howle, L.E., Weber, P.W. & Vann, R.D., A parameter estimation system with computational advantages for fitting probabilistic decompression models to empirical data, Proceedings of the 2007 Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society Meeting (2007)
  50. Howle, L.E., Weber, P.W. & Vann, R.D., A parameter estimation system with computational advantages for fitting probabilistic decompression models to empirical data, Proceedings of the 2007 Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society Meeting (2007)
  51. Weber, P.W., Howle, L.E., Vann, R.D. & Pieper, F.C., Probability models of mild and serious decompression sickness (DCS), Proceedings of the 2007 Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society Meeting (2007)
  52. DS Miklosovic, MM Murray and LE Howle, Experimental evaluation of sinusoidal leading edges, Journal of Aircraft, vol. 44 no. 4 (2007), pp. 1404-1408, ISSN 0021-8669 [doi]  [abs]
  53. Howle, L.E., Lebental, S., Vann, R.D., Optimization of probabilistic decompression models, Proceedings of the 2006 Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society Meeting (2006)
  54. Vann, R.D., Lebental, S., Howle, L.E., The relative roles of surface tension and the oxygen window in bubble resolution, Proceedings of the 2006 Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society Meeting (2006)
  55. Murray, M.M., Miklosovic, D.A., Fish, F. & Howle, L.E., Effects of leading edge tubercles on a representative whale flipper model at various sweep angles, 14th International Symposium on Unmanned Untethered Submersible Technology (August, 2005), Durham, NH
  56. Murray, M. & Howle, L.E., Cavitation inception on rudder models with smooth and scalloped leading edges, APS Division of Fluid Dynamics Meeting (2005)
  57. DS Miklosovic, MM Murray, LE Howle and FE Fish, Leading-edge tubercles delay stall on humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) flippers, Physics of Fluids, vol. 16 no. 5 (2004), pp. L39-L42, ISSN 1070-6631 [doi]  [abs]
  58. FE Fish, DS Miklosovic, MM Murray and LE Howle, Delayed stall due to leading edge tubercles of the humpback whale flipper, INTEGRATIVE AND COMPARATIVE BIOLOGY, vol. 43 no. 6 (December, 2003), pp. 903-903, ISSN 1540-7063 [Gateway.cgi]
  59. Murray, M., Miklosovic, D., Fish, F. & Howle, L., Stall delay by leading edge tubercle in humpback whale flipper, APS Division of Fluid Dynamics Meeting (2003)
  60. BA Wagner, AL Bertozzi and LE Howle, Positive feedback control of Rayleigh-Bénard convection, Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems - Series B, vol. 3 no. 4 (2003), pp. 619-642, ISSN 1531-3492  [abs]
  61. MM Murray and LE Howle, Spring stiffness influence on an oscillating propulsor, Journal of Fluids and Structures, vol. 17 no. 7 (2003), pp. 915-926, ISSN 0889-9746 [doi]  [abs]
  62. MJ Hasik, DH Kim, LE Howle, D Needham and DP Prush, Evaluation of synthetic phospholipid ultrasound contrast agents., Ultrasonics, vol. 40 no. 9 (November, 2002), pp. 973-982, ISSN 0041-624X [12385954]  [abs]
  63. Martin, J.I., Howle. L.E. & Murray, M.M., Optimization of undulatory flap propulsors, 12th International Symposium on Unmanned Untethered Submersible Technology (August, 2001), Durham, NH
  64. Moore, N.J., Howle. L.E. & Murray, M.M., Controlling an output wave shape during undulatory swimming, 12th International Symposium on Unmanned Untethered Submersible Technology (August, 2001), Durham, NH
  65. Murray, M.M. & Howle, L.E., Response of compliant foils to dynamic loadings produced by oncoming vorticies, 12th International Symposium on Unmanned Untethered Submersible Technology (August, 2001), Durham, NH
  66. LE Howle, The effect of boundary properties on controlled Rayleigh-Benard convection, Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 411 (2000), pp. 39-58 [S0022112099007910]  [abs]
  67. OI Craciunescu, LE Howle and ST Clegg, Experimental evaluation of the thermal properties of two tissue equivalent phantom materials., Int J Hyperthermia, vol. 15 no. 6 (November, 1999), pp. 509-518, ISSN 0265-6736 [10598948]  [abs]
  68. L.E. Howle, Undulatory Flap Propulsion, 11th International Symposium on Unmanned Untethered Submersible Technology (August, 1999), pp. 487-493, Durham, NH
  69. D Chen, HO Wang and LE Howle, Bifurcation control of Rayleigh-Benard convection, IEEE Conference on Control Applications - Proceedings, vol. 1 (1999), pp. 377-382, Kohala Coast, HI, USA [CCA.1999.806663]  [abs]
  70. MRG II and LE Howle, Effects of anisotropy and boundary plates on the critical values of a porous medium heated from below, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 42 no. 18 (1999), pp. 3419-3430 [S0017-9310(99)00028-9], [doi]  [abs]
  71. L.E. Howle, Undulatory Flap Pair Propulsion, APS Division of Fluid Dynamics Meeting (1998)
  72. Hasik, M.J., Howle, L.E. & Needham, D., Effect of Contrast Agent’s Lipid Carbon Chain Length on Backscattered Ultrasound Amplitude, APS Division of Fluid Dynamics Meeting (1998)
  73. Gustafson, M.R. & Howle, L.E. Experimental, Control of Horton-Rogers-Lapwood Convection using Shadowgraphic Input, APS Division of Fluid Dynamics Meeting (1998)
  74. Murray, M.M. & Howle, L.E., Translational Spring Stiffness Influence on an Oscillating Propulsor, APS Division of Fluid Dynamics Meeting (1998)
  75. Gustafson, M.R. & Howle, L.E., Boundary Effects on the Onset of Convection in Porous Media, APS Division of Fluid Dynamics Meeting (1998)
  76. Murray, M.M. & Howle, L.E., Reduced Order Hydroelasticity Modeling of a Flexible Propulsor, APS Division of Fluid Dynamics Meeting (1998)
  77. Howle, L. E., Boundary Effects in Controlled Rayleigh-Bénard Convection, APS Division of Fluid Dynamics Meeting (1998)
  78. Meressi, T. & Howle, L.E., Linear and Nonlinear Control of Rayleigh-Bénard Convection, APS Division of Fluid Dynamics Meeting (1998)
  79. D Chen, HO Wang, LE Howle, MR Gustafson and T Meressi, Amplitude control of bifurcations and application to Rayleigh-Benard convection, Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, vol. 2 (1998), pp. 1951-1956, Tampa, FL, USA [CDC.1998.758606]  [abs]
  80. L Howle, DG Schaeffer, M Shearer and P Zhong, Lithotripsy: The treatment of kidney stones with shock waves, SIAM Review, vol. 40 no. 2 (1998), pp. 356-371  [abs]
  81. LE Howle, Linear stability analysis of controlled Rayleigh-Benard convection using shadowgraphic measurement, PHYSICS OF FLUIDS, vol. 9 no. 11 (November, 1997), pp. 3111-3113, ISSN 1070-6631 [Gateway.cgi], [doi]  [abs]
  82. Gustafson, M.R., Murray, M.M. & Howle, L.E., Active control of Rayleigh-Bénard convection in a moderate aspect ratio container, Proceedings of the 1997 ASME Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting (1997)
  83. MM Murray, HL Tong, LE Howle and P Zhong, Response to a lithotripter shock wave of a cavitation bubble surrounded by a viscoelastic membrane, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Fluids Engineering Division (Publication) FED, vol. 21 (1997), pp. 6pp, Vancouver, Can  [abs]
  84. LE Howle, RP Behringer and JG Georgiadis, Convection and flow in porous media. Part 2. Visualization by shadowgraph, Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 332 (1997), pp. 247-262  [abs]
  85. LE Howle, Active control of Rayleigh-Bénard convection, Physics of Fluids, vol. 9 no. 7 (1997), pp. 1861-1863 [1.869335]  [abs]
  86. LE Howle, Control of Rayleigh-Bénard convection in a small aspect ratio container, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 40 no. 4 (1997), pp. 817-822 [0017-9310(96)00174-3]  [abs]
  87. Howle, L.E., Behringer, R.P., Floquet Stability Analysis of the Onset of Convection in Periodic Porous Media, APS Division of Fluid Dynamics Meeting (1996)
  88. LE Howle, A comparison of the reduced Galerkin and pseudo-spectral methods for simulation of steady Rayleigh-Bénard convection, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 39 no. 12 (1996), pp. 2401-2407 [0017-9310(95)00346-0], [doi]  [abs]
  89. MRG II and LE Howle, Control of Rayleigh-Benard convection in small aspect ratio containers, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Fluids Engineering Division (Publication) FED, vol. 216 (1995), pp. 77-81, Hilton Head, SC, USA  [abs]
  90. L.E. Howle, Suppression of Natural Convection in Small Aspect Ratio Containers, APS Division of Fluid Dynamics Meeting (1994)
  91. LE Howle, Efficient implementation of a finite-difference/Galerkin method for simulation of large aspect ratio convection, Numerical Heat Transfer, Part B: Fundamentals, vol. 26 no. 1 (1994), pp. 105-114  [abs]
  92. LE Howle and JG Georgiadis, Natural convection in porous media with anisotropic dispersive thermal conductivity, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 37 no. 7 (1994), pp. 1081-1094, ISSN 0017-9310 [0017-9310(94)90194-5]  [abs]
  93. LE Howle, RP Behringer and JG Georgiadis, Visualization of convective fluid flow in a porous medium, Nature, vol. 362 no. 7 (1993), pp. 230-232  [abs]
  94. LE Howle, RP Behringer and JG Georgiadis, Visualization of natural convection in ordered and disordered porous layers, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Fluids Engineering Division (Publication) FED, vol. 172 (1993), pp. 387-395, New Orleans, LA, USA  [abs]
  95. L Howle, RP Behringer and J Georgiadis, Visualization of convective fluid flow in a porous medium, Nature, vol. 362 no. 6417 (1993), pp. 230-232  [abs]
  96. Howle, L.E., Georgiadis, J.G., and Behringer, J.G., Shadowgraphic visualization of natural convection in rectangular-grid porous layers, edited by Topics in Heat Transfer, Topics in Heat Transfer, vol. 206 (1992), pp. 17-23
  97. Howle, L.E., Behringer, R.P. & Georgiadis, J.G., Convection in Porous Media: Visualization by a Novel Shadowgraphic Technique, APS Division of Fluid Dynamics Meeting (1992)
  98. Howle, L.E., Behringer, R.P. & Georgiadis, J.G., Shadowgraphic Visualization of Natural Convection in Rectangular-Grid Porous Media, ASME National Heat Transfer Conference (1992)

Other

  1. Di Muro, G., Howle, L.E. & Vann, R.D., Partitioned risk analysis of NAVY decompression dives (December 10, 2010), pp. 818, NAVSEA
  2. L.E. Howle, WhalePower Wenvor Blade. A report in the efficiency of a WhalePower Corp. 5 meter prototype wind turbine blade (January 24, 2009), pp. 16, WhalePower Corporation

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