Publications [#227103] of Elizabeth O. Ananat

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Papers Published

  1. Ananat, EO. "The wrong side(s) of the tracks: The causal effects of racial segregation on urban poverty and inequality." American Economic Journal: Applied Economics 3.2 (2011): 34-66. [pdf], [doi]
    (last updated on 2018/12/18)

    A striking negative correlation exists between an area's residential racial segregation and its population characteristics, but it is recognized that this relationship may not be causal. I present a novel test of causality from segregation to population characteristics by exploiting the arrangements of railroad tracks in the nineteenth century to isolate plausibly exogenous variation in areas' susceptibility to segregation. I show that this variation satisfies the requirements for a valid instrument. Instrumental variables estimates demonstrate that segregation increases metropolitan rates of black poverty and overall black-white income disparities, while decreasing rates of white poverty and inequality within the white population.

Elizabeth O. Ananat