Publications [#289724] of Hal Brands

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Journal Articles

  1. Brands, H. "Inside the Iraqi state records: Saddam Hussein, 'Irangate', and the United States." Journal of Strategic Studies 34.1 (February, 2011): 95-118. [doi]
    (last updated on 2017/12/10)

    Abstract:
    This article uses captured Iraqi state records to examine Saddam Hussein's reaction to US arms to sales to Iran during the Iran-Iraq War (the Iran/ Contra scandal). These records show that 'Irangate' marked a decisive departure in Saddam's relations with the United States. Irangate reinforced Saddam's preexisting suspicions of US policy, convincing him that Washington was a strategic enemy that could not be trusted. Saddam concealed his anger to preserve a working relationship with the Reagan administration, but this episode nevertheless cemented his negative views of the United States and forged a legacy of hostility and mistrust that would inform his strategic calculus for years to come. © 2011 Taylor & Francis.

Hal Brands