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William A. Darity, Samuel DuBois Cook Distinguished Professor of Public Policy

William A. Darity

William A. (“Sandy”) Darity Jr. is the Samuel DuBois Cook Professor of Public Policy, African and African American Studies, and Economics and the director of the Samuel DuBois Cook Center on Social Equity at Duke University. He has served as chair of the Department of African and African American Studies and was the founding director of the Research Network on Racial and Ethnic Inequality at Duke. Previously he served as director of the Institute of African American Research, director of the Moore Undergraduate Research Apprenticeship Program, director of the Undergraduate Honors Program in economics, and director of Graduate Studies at the University of North Carolina. at Chapel Hill.

Darity’s research focuses on inequality by race, class and ethnicity, stratification economics, schooling and the racial achievement gap, North-South theories of trade and development, skin shade and labor market outcomes, the economics of reparations, the Atlantic slave trade and the Industrial Revolution, the history of economics, and the social psychological effects of exposure to unemployment.

He was a visiting scholar at the Russell Sage Foundation (2015-2016), a fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences (2011-2012) at Stanford, a fellow at the National Humanities Center (1989-90) and a visiting scholar at the Federal Reserve’s Board of Governors (1984). He received the Samuel Z. Westerfield Award in 2012 from the National Economic Association, the organization's highest honor, Politico 50 recognition in 2017, and an award from Global Policy Solutions in 2017. He is a past president of the National Economic Association and the Southern Economic Association. He also has taught at Grinnell College, the University of Maryland at College Park, the University of Texas at Austin, Simmons College and Claremont-McKenna College.

He has served as Editor in Chief of the latest edition of the International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, (Macmillan Reference, 2008) and as an Associate Editor of the 2006 edition of the Encyclopedia of Race and Racism (2013).

His most recent book, coauthored with A. Kirsten Mullen, is From Here to Equality: Reparations for Black Americans in the 21st Century (2020). Previous books include For-Profit Universities: The Shifting Landscape of Marketized Education (2010) (co-edited Tressie McMillan Cottom), Economics, Economists, and Expectations: Microfoundations to Macroapplications (2004) (co-authored with Warren Young and Robert Leeson), and Boundaries of Clan and Color: Transnational Comparisons of Inter-Group Disparity (2003) (co-edited with Ashwini Deshpande).He has published or edited 13 books and published more than300 articles in professional outlets.

Darity lives with his family in Durham, N.C. where he plays blues harmonica, occasionally coaches youth sports, and especially enjoys reading science fiction and speculative fiction. (On leave, 2015-2016)

Contact Info:
Office Location:  238 Sanford Inst Bldg, Durham, NC 27708
Office Phone:  (919) 613-7336
Email Address: send me a message
Web Page:


Ph.D.Massachusetts Institute of Technology1978
B.A.Brown University1974

Development Economics
African and African-American Studies
Economics of Education
Economic History
History of Economics
Public Policy
Research Interests:

Stratification economics; inequality by race, class and ethnicity; North-South theories of development and trade; social psychology and unemployment exposure; reparations; schooling and the racial achievement gap; financial crises in developing countries.


Abortion, Induced • Adolescent • Adult • Africa • African Americans • African Continental Ancestry Group • Age Factors • Aged • Allostasis • Attitude • Bias (Epidemiology) • Biology • Case-Control Studies • Cities • Cohort Studies • Confidence Intervals • Consciousness • Conservation of Natural Resources • Contraception • Contraceptive Agents • Cross-Sectional Studies • Demography • Directories as Topic • Educational Status • Environment • Ethnic Groups • Eugenics • European Continental Ancestry Group • Evaluation Studies as Topic • Family • Family Planning Services • Fear • Female • Geography • Georgia • Health Education • Health Manpower • Health Services Accessibility • Health Status • Health Status Disparities • Health Surveys • History, 20th Century • Homicide • Humans • Income • Interpersonal Relations • Interviews as Topic • Louisiana • Male • Middle Aged • Models, Theoretical • Neoplasm Staging • Newspapers • North Carolina • Parent-Child Relations • Pennsylvania • Physicians • Pilot Projects • Population • Population Dynamics • Population Growth • Poverty • Poverty Areas • Pregnancy • Prejudice • Psychology, Social • Referral and Consultation • Research • Retrospective Studies • Salaries and Fringe Benefits • Sampling Studies • San Francisco • Self Care • Self Concept • Sex Education • Sex Factors • Sexual Behavior • Smoking • Social Conditions • Social Identification • Social Justice • Social Problems • Social Sciences • Social Welfare • Social Work • Socioeconomic Factors • Statistics as Topic • Sterilization, Involuntary • Sterilization, Reproductive • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic • Students • Telephone • Time Factors • Unemployment • United States • Universities • Urban Population • Uterine Neoplasms

Curriculum Vitae
Current Ph.D. Students  

  • Divya Guru Rajan  
  • Dania Frank  
  • Ashley Brown  
Postdocs Mentored

  • Dena Montague (2013-2014)  
  • Jean Beaman (2013-2014)  
  • Daniella A. Cook (20082010)  
  • Nicole Lewis (20072008)  
  • Monika Gosin (20082010)  
  • Nina Smith (20122013)  
Recent Publications   (More Publications)   (search)

  1. Himmelstein, KEW; Lawrence, JA; Jahn, JL; Ceasar, JN; Morse, M; Bassett, MT; Wispelwey, BP; Darity, WA; Venkataramani, AS, Association Between Racial Wealth Inequities and Racial Disparities in Longevity Among US Adults and Role of Reparations Payments, 1992 to 2018., Jama Network Open, vol. 5 no. 11 (November, 2022), pp. e2240519 [doi]  [abs]
  2. Darity, WA, Position and Possessions: Stratification Economics and Intergroup Inequality, Journal of Economic Literature, vol. 60 no. 2 (June, 2022), pp. 400-426 [doi]  [abs]
  3. Darity, WA; Hamilton, D; Myers, SL; Price, GN; Xu, M, Racial Differences in Time at Work Not Working, Ilr Review, vol. 75 no. 3 (May, 2022), pp. 552-572 [doi]  [abs]
  4. Darity, W; Mullen, AK; Slaughter, M, The Cumulative Costs of Racism and the Bill for Black Reparations, The Journal of Economic Perspectives : a Journal of the American Economic Association, vol. 36 no. 2 (March, 2022), pp. 99-122 [doi]
  5. Alston, M; Darity, WA; Eckel, CC; McNeil, L; Sharpe, R, The effect of stereotypes on black college test scores at a historically black university, Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, vol. 194 (February, 2022), pp. 408-424 [doi]  [abs]

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