Evolutionary Anthropology Graduate Students Database
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Adam Hartstone Ros,

Adam Hartstone Ros
Contact Info:
Office Location:  002 Bio Sci Bldg.
Office Phone:  (919) 660-7395
Email Address:   send me a message
Web Page:  

Typical Courses Taught:

  • Baa 132, Human evolution Synopsis
  • Baa 289l, Compar mammalian anatomy Synopsis
  • Baa 40, Next of kin: the great apes Synopsis
  • Baa 193, Research independent study

Vertebrate Paleontology
Functional Anatomy
Primate Paleontology & Morphology
Primate Biology
Primate Ecology
Research Interests:

Carnivore Dissections

    I am working on several projects involving the soft and hard tissue anatomy of several species of large carnivores. Thus far, I have dissected four tigers (Panthera tigris), two jaguars (P. onca), two leopards (P. pardus), two snow leopards (P. uncia), and a clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa), as well as smaller taxa, including several caracals (Caracal caracal), servals (C. serval), bobcats (Lynx rufus), ocelots (Leopardus pardalis), and a margay (Leopardus wiedii).  Recently I have also been dissecting brown bears (Ursus arctos), binturongs (Arctictis binturong), coyotes (Canis latrans), and various other species of carnivores and non-carnivores (foxes, raccoons, otters, sloths, etc.). I have skeletonized most of these specimens after dissection and they are available for research in various collections. Ultimately, these projects will all lead to the reconstruction of the soft tissue masticatory anatomy of extinct carnivores with special focus on gape and force production.

Primate Dissections (2005-present)

    I am working on several projects involving the soft and hard tissue anatomy of strepsirrhine primates. Along with my colleague, Jonathan Perry, I have dissected and analyzed the masticatory muscles and associated bony morphology of the living lemurs and lorises. There are currently several dozen taxa in our sample and we continue to add new taxa. Ultimately, these data will be used to reconstruct the masticatory anatomy and feeding behavior of the fossil adapids and sub-fossil lemurs. Analysis of a new species of South African Canid (May 2004-present) I have submitted one manuscript and begun another describing a new species of canid from the Sterkfontein Valley, Gauteng, South Africa. The new taxon represents the largest canid ever found in Southern Africa and the ancestor of the African hunting dog (Lycaon pictus). The paratype specimen is the most complete mammal fossil ever described from the Sterkfontein Valley. I gathered the data for this description at the University of Witwatersrand, , and the Transvaal Museum, , as well as at the American Museum of Natural History, and Duke University.

Behavioral Research (1997-2006)

    My research experience includes the study of living, semi-wild and wild lemurs. In one project, my colleague, Jonathan Perry, and I evaluated the preferred bite size of all Duke Lemur Center taxa and correlated these data with their diet and masticatory anatomy. In several of my five trips to Madagascar, I have also studied Hapalemur aureus at Parc Ivloina in Tamatave, Propithecus edwardsi in Ranomafana National Park, and one carnivore species, Cryptoprocta ferrox in Ampijaroa National Park. As part of my personal passion for lemur biology, I have observed more than 35 species (and over 50 taxa) of lemur in the wild. Field Paleontological Excavation (2002-2005) I was a member of the first crew to open up the new hominin-bearing site of Plovers Lake in the Cradle of Humankind World Heritage site in South Africa, and have subsequently worked on the site and on fauna from the site during four additional trips to South Africa as a paid teaching assistant and researcher.

Reevaluation of the South African specimens from the genus Megantereon (2002-2005)

    I have gathered data at the University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa; the Transvaal Museum, Pretoria, South Africa; the Natural History Museum, London, England; American Museum of Natural History, New York; and Duke University, Durham, North Carolina.

Osteological and Paleontological Data Collection (1995-present)

    I have collected data on fossils in South Africa at the University of Witwatersrand; osteological and casts of paleoanthropological specimens in the Mammalogy and Anthropology Departments at the American Museum of Natural History; paleontological and osteological specimens in the Paleontology and Osteology Departments at the Natural History Museum in London; osteological and subfossil specimens in the Division of Fossil Primates at the Duke Lemur Center.

Curriculum Vitae
Representative Publications   (More Publications)   (search)

  1. Hartstone-Rose A, DeRuiter D, Berger L, and Churchill S., A Saber-Tooth Felid from Coopers Cave (Gauteng, South Africa) and Its Implications for Megantereon (Felidae, Machairodontinae) Taxonomy., Paleontologica Africana (2007) [abs].
  2. Hartstone-Rose A, Perry JMG, Comparative anatomy of the felid masticatory system, The Anatomical Record (2007) [abs].
  3. Hartstone-Rose A, Perry JMG, Intraspecific scaling of preferred bite size in strepsirrhines and a narrow allometric comparison of preferred bite size in a frugivore and a folivore, American Journal of Physical Anthropology, vol. Suppl. 44 (2007), pp. 126.
  4. Cartmill M, Schmitt D, Hartstone-Rose A, Explaining primate gaits: A carnivoran test case, American Journal of Physical Anthropology, vol. Suppl. 44 (2007), pp. 84.
  5. Churchill SE, Berger LR, Hartstone-Rose A, and Zondo BH, Body size in African Middle Pleistocene Homo, in Proceedings of the African Genesis Conference., edited by SC Reynolds and CG Menter (eds.) (In Press), University of the Witwatersrand Press.
  6. A. Hartstone-Rose., “Our Australian Cousins”, Vertices (Duke University Journal of Science and Technology). (Spring, 2001).
  7. A. Hartstone-Rose., “Extantion: Transcending the Extinction Barrier”, Vertices (Duke University Journal of Science and Technology). (Winter, 2000).

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