Publications of Manuel S Leal    :chronological  alphabetical  combined  bibtex listing:

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Papers Published

  1. Leal, M. and A. R. Gunderson, Rapid change in thermal tolerance of a tropical lizard., American Naturalist, vol. 180 (2012), pp. 815-822 .
  2. Powell, B. J. and M. Leal, Brain evolution across the Puerto Rican anole radiation, Brain Behavior and Evolution (2012) .
  3. Leal M. and B. J. Powell, Behavioural flexibility and problem solving in a tropical lizard, Biology Letters, vol. 8 (2012), pp. 28-30 .
  4. Kolbe, J. J., M. Leal, T. W. Schoener, D. A. Spiller, and J. B. Losos, Founder Effects Persist Despite Adaptive Differentiation: A Replicated Field Experiment in a Caribbean Lizard, Science, vol. 335 (2012), pp. 1086-1089 [doi] .
  5. Gunderson, A. R., and M. Leal, Geographic variation in vulnerability to climate warming in a tropical Caribbean lizard, Functional Ecology, vol. 26 (2012), pp. 786-793 .
  6. Leal M. and B. J. Powell, On the flexibility of lizard's cognition: a response to Vasconcelos et al., Biology Letters, vol. 8 (2012), pp. 44-45 [doi] .
  7. Gunderson, A. R., J. Siegel, and M. Leal, Test of the contribution of acclimation to geographic variation in water loss rates of the West Indian Anolis cristatellus, Journal of Comparative Physiology B, vol. 181 no. 7 (2011), pp. 965-972 .
  8. Rodríguez-Robles, J.A., T. Jezkova, and M. Leal, Climatic stability and genetic divergence in the tropical insular lizard Anolis krugi, the Puerto RIcan "Lagartijo Jardinaero de la Montaña", Molecular Ecology, vol. 19 no. 9 (2010), pp. 1860-1876 .
  9. Rodríguez-Schettino, L, J.B. Losos, P.E. Hertz, K.deQueiroz, A.R. Chamizo, M. Leal, and V.R. González, The anoles of Soroa: aspects of their ecological relationships, Breviora no. 520 (2010), pp. 1-22 .
  10. Fleishman, L.J., M. Leal, and M.H. Persons, Habitat light and dewlap color diversity in four species of Puerto Rican anoline lizards, Journal of Coparative Physiology A, vol. 195 (2009), pp. 1043-1069 .
  11. Jezkova, T., M. Leal, and J.A. Rodriguez-Robles, Living together but remaining apart: comparative phylogeography of Anolis poncensis and A. cooki, two lizards endemic to the arilands of Puerto Rico, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, vol. 96 (2009), pp. 617-634 .
  12. Leonhardt, S. D., J. Tung, J. B. Camden, M. Leal, and C. M. Drea, Seeing red: behavioral evidence of trichromatic color vision in strepsirrhine primate, Behavioral Ecology, vol. 20 (2009), pp. 1-12 .
  13. Johnson, M. A., M. Leal, L. Rodríguez-Schettino, A. Chamizo Lara, L. J. Revell, and J. B. Losos, A phylogenetic perspective on foraging mode evolution and habitat use in West Indian Anolis lizards., Animal Behaviour, vol. 75 (2008), pp. 555-563 .
  14. Rodríguez-Robles, J. A., T, Jezkova and M. Leal, Genetic structuring in the threatened “Lagartijo del Bosque Seco” (Anolis cooki) from Puerto Rico, Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, vol. 46 (2008), pp. 503-514 .
  15. Fleishman, L. J., M. Leal and J. Sheehan, Illumination geometry, detector position and objective determination of animal signal colours in natural light, Animal Behaviour, vol. 71 (2006), pp. 463-474 .
  16. Rodríguez-Robles, J. A., M. Leal and J. B. Losos, Habitat selection by the Puerto Rican Yellow-chinned anole, Anolis gundlachi, Canadian Journal of Zoology, vol. 83 (2005), pp. : 983-988 .
  17. Leal, M. and L. J. Fleishman, Differences in visual signal design and detectability between allopatric populations of Anolis lizards, American Naturalist, vol. 163 (2004), pp. 26-39 .
  18. Fuller, R. C., L. F. Fleishman, M. Leal, J. Travis, and E. R. Loew, Intraspecific variation in retinal cone distribution in bluefin killifish, Lucania goodei, Journal of Comparative Physiology A, vol. 189 (2003), pp. 609-616 .
  19. Losos, J. B., M. Leal, R. E. Glor, K. deQueiroz, P. E. Hertz, L. Rodríguez-Schettino, A. Chamizo-Lara, T. R. Jackman, and A. Larson, Niche lability in the evolution of a Caribbean lizard community, Nature, vol. 423 (2003), pp. 542-545 .
  20. Leal, M, and L. J. Fleishman, Evidence for habitat partitioning based on adapation to environmental light in a pair of sympatric lizard species, Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, B, vol. 269 (2002), pp. 351-359 .
  21. Leal, M, A. K. Knox, and J. B. Losos, Lack of convergence in aquatic Anolis lizards, Evolution, vol. 56 (2002), pp. 785-791 .
  22. Torres, J., R. Thomas, M. Leal, and T. Gush, Ant and termite predation by the tropical blindsnake Typhlops platycephalus, Insectes Sociaux, vol. 47 (2000), pp. 1-6 .
  23. Leal, M., and J. B. Losos, Behavior and ecology of the Cuban “Chipojo Bobos” Chamaeleolis barbatus and C. porcus, Journal of Herpetology, vol. 32 (2000), pp. 318-322 .
  24. M. Leal, Honest signalling during prey-predator interactions in the lizard Anolis cristatellus, Animal Behaviour, vol. 58 (1999), pp. 521-526 .
  25. Leal, M., J. A. Rodríguez-Robles, and J. B. Losos, An experimental study of interspecific interactions between two Puerto Rican Anolis lizards, Oecologia, vol. 117 (1998), pp. 273-278 .
  26. Leal, M., and J. A. Rodríguez-Robles, Antipredator responses of the Puerto Rican giant anole, Anolis cuvieri (Sauria: Polychrotidae), Biotropica, vol. 29 (1997), pp. 372-375 .
  27. Leal, M., and J. A. Rodríguez-Robles, Signalling displays during predator-prey interactions in a Puerto Rican anole, Anolis cristatellus, Animal Behaviour, vol. 54 (1997), pp. 1147-1154 .
  28. Leal, M., and J. A. Rodríguez-Robles, Antipredator responses of Anolis cristatellus (Sauria: Polychrotidae), Copeia, vol. 95 (1995), pp. 155-161 .
  29. Leal, M., and R. Thomas, Notes on the feeding behavior and the exhibit of caudal luring by juvenile Alsophis portoricensis (Serpentes: Colubridae), Journal of Herpetology, vol. 28 (1994), pp. 126-128 .
  30. Thomas, R., and M. Leal, Feeding envenomation by Arrhyton exigumm (Serpentes: Colubridae), Journal of Herpetology, vol. 27 (1993), pp. 107-109 .
  31. Rodríguez-Robles, J. A., and M. Leal, Effects of prey type on the feeding behavior of Alsophis portoricensis (Serpentes: Colubridae), Journal of Herpetology, vol. 27 (1993), pp. 163-168 .
  32. Fleishman, L. J., E. R. Loew, and M. Leal, Ultraviolet vision in lizards, Nature, vol. 365 (1993), pp. 397 .
  33. Rodríguez-Robles, J. A., and M. Leal, ALSOPHIS PORTORICENSIS (Puerto Rican Racer). DIET, Herpetological Review, vol. 24 (1993), pp. 150-151 .
  34. Leal, M., and R. Thomas, ThomasELEUTHERODACTYLUS COQUI (Puerto Rican coquí). Prey, Herpetological Review, vol. 23 (1992), pp. 79-80 .
  35. Steinberg, D. S. and M. Leal, Sensory system properties predict signal modulation in a tropical lizard, Aninal Behaviour, vol. 85 no. 3 , pp. 623–629 [025], [doi] .

Book Reviews

  1. M. Leal, Anoles are smarter than humans, Journal of Biogeography, vol. 24 (1997), pp. 536-537 .


  1. Leal, M. and J.B. Losos, Communication and speciation, Nature, vol. 467 (2010), pp. 159-160 .
  2. Anolis Newsletter V, edited by Losos, J.B., and M. Leal (1999), pp. 125 pp., Washington University: St. Louis, Mo. .