Paul S. Manos, Jack H. Neely Professor  

Paul S. Manos

My research emphasizes woody plants, especially the systematics of Fagaceae (the oak family), Juglandaceae (the walnut family), and related wind-pollinated families of flowering plants (Fagales). Our lab uses DNA sequences to generate hypotheses of phylogenetic relationship for inferring morphological character evolution, analyzing patterns of biogeography, and testing species concepts. Students and postdocs have studied the systematics and diversification of the following angiosperm families: Acanthaceae, Nyctaginaceae, Zingiberaceae, Rhamnaceae, Montiaceae, Humiriaceae, Solanaceae, Convolvulaceae, Piperaceae, and Dilleniaceae. Current research interests involve a range of evolutionary and ecological questions within the Fagaceae. For example, we have reinterpreted cupule evolution in the Fagaceae and calibrated the phylogeny for the American clades of Quercus. Ongoing collaborations with Andrew Hipp, John McVay, Andy Crowl, Antonio González-Rodríguez, and Jeannine Cavender-Bares seek to integrate phylogenetic data with phenotypic traits and functional genes to explain species distributions and to better understand the adaptive nature of introgression in the oaks. Other research interests include the phylogeography of eastern North American woody plants and the development of a research network for the southeastern flora.

Education:
Ph.D., Cornell University, 1992
M.S., Rutgers University, 1986
B.A., Drew University, 1982

Office Location: 330 Bio Sci Bldg, Durham, NC 27708
Office Phone: (919) 660-7358
Email Address: pmanos@duke.edu

Specialties:
Systematics

Research Categories: Systematics and phylogeography of flowering plants

Research Description: My research emphasizes woody plants, especially the systematics of Fagaceae (the oak family), Juglandaceae (the walnut family), and related wind-pollinated families of flowering plants. I generally use DNA sequences to generate hypotheses of phylogenetic relationship for inferring morphological character evolution, analyzing patterns of biogeography, and revising classification. Students in my lab have studied the systematics and diversification of the following angiosperm families: Acanthaceae, Nyctaginaceae, Zingiberaceae, Rhamnaceae, Montiaceae, Humiriaceae, Solanaceae, Convolvulaceae, Piperaceae, and Dilleniaceae. Current research interests involve a range of evolutionary and ecological questions within the Fagaceae, especially the genus Quercus. In collaboration with Chuck Cannon and Sang-Hun Oh, we have reinterpreted cupule evolution in the Fagaceae and calibrated the phylogeny for the entire family. Another collaboration with Andrew Hipp, Jeannine Cavender-Bares, and Jeanne Romero-Severson seeks to integrate phylogenetic data with phenotypic traits and functional genes to explain species distributions in the oaks. Secondary research interests include genetic structure of tree species, phylogeny of neotropical tree communities, and the phylogeography of eastern North American species.

Recent Publications   (More Publications)   (search)

  1. Cavender-Bares, J; Kothari, S; Meireles, JE; Kaproth, MA; Manos, PS; Hipp, AL, The role of diversification in community assembly of the oaks (Quercus L.) across the continental U.S., American Journal of Botany, vol. 105 no. 3 (March, 2018), pp. 565-586 [doi]  [abs].
  2. Meireles, JE; Manos, PS, Pervasive migration across rainforest and sandy coastal plain Aechmea nudicaulis (Bromeliaceae) populations despite contrasting environmental conditions., Molecular Ecology, vol. 27 no. 5 (March, 2018), pp. 1261-1272 [doi]  [abs].
  3. Harnik, PG; Maherali, H; Miller, JH; Manos, PS, Geographic range velocity and its association with phylogeny and life history traits in North American woody plants., Ecology and Evolution, vol. 8 no. 5 (March, 2018), pp. 2632-2644 [doi]  [abs].
  4. Deng, M; Jiang, X-L; Hipp, AL; Manos, PS; Hahn, M, Phylogeny and biogeography of East Asian evergreen oaks (Quercus section Cyclobalanopsis; Fagaceae): Insights into the Cenozoic history of evergreen broad-leaved forests in subtropical Asia., Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, vol. 119 (February, 2018), pp. 170-181 [doi]  [abs].
  5. Hipp, AL; Manos, PS; González-RodrĂ­guez, A; Hahn, M; Kaproth, M; McVay, JD; Avalos, SV; Cavender-Bares, J, Sympatric parallel diversification of major oak clades in the Americas and the origins of Mexican species diversity., The New Phytologist, vol. 217 no. 1 (January, 2018), pp. 439-452 [doi]  [abs].