Paul S. Manos, Professor of Biology and Chair of Biology

Paul S. Manos

My research emphasizes woody plants, especially the systematics of Fagaceae (the oak family), Juglandaceae (the walnut family), and related wind-pollinated families of flowering plants (Fagales). Our lab uses DNA sequences to generate hypotheses of phylogenetic relationship for inferring morphological character evolution, analyzing patterns of biogeography, and testing species concepts. Students and postdocs have studied the systematics and diversification of the following angiosperm families: Acanthaceae, Nyctaginaceae, Zingiberaceae, Rhamnaceae, Montiaceae, Humiriaceae, Solanaceae, Convolvulaceae, Piperaceae, and Dilleniaceae. Current research interests involve a range of evolutionary and ecological questions within the Fagaceae. For example, we have reinterpreted cupule evolution in the Fagaceae and calibrated the phylogeny for the American clades of Quercus. Ongoing collaborations with Andrew Hipp, John McVay, Andy Crowl, Antonio González-Rodríguez, and Jeannine Cavender-Bares seek to integrate phylogenetic data with phenotypic traits and functional genes to explain species distributions and to better understand the adaptive nature of introgression in the oaks. Other research interests include the phylogeography of eastern North American woody plants and the development of a research network for the southeastern flora.

Office Location:  330 Bio Sci Bldg, Durham, NC 27708
Office Phone:  (919) 660-7358
Email Address: send me a message

Teaching (Fall 2018):


Ph.D.Cornell University1992
M.S.Rutgers University1986
B.A.Drew University1982


Acanthaceae • Adaptation • Adaptation, Biological • Animals • Base Sequence • Bayes Theorem • Bees • Biological Evolution • Birds • Ceanothus • Cell Nucleus • Classification • Climate Change • DNA • DNA Restriction Enzymes • DNA, Chloroplast • DNA, Plant • DNA, Ribosomal • DNA, Ribosomal Spacer • Ecology • Environment • Feeding Behavior • Flowers • Fossils • Fruit • Genes, Plant • Geography • Host-Parasite Interactions • Hybridization • Ipomoea • Juglandaceae • Likelihood Functions • Markov Chains • Models, Genetic • Molecular Sequence Data • Monte Carlo Method • North America • Orobanchaceae • Phylogeny • Pollen • Pollination • Population Density • Reproductive Isolation • Restriction Mapping • Rhamnaceae • RNA, Ribosomal, 5.8S • Sequence Alignment • Sequence Analysis, DNA • Sequence Homology • Software • Soil • Time Factors • Trees

Current Ph.D. Students  

Postdocs Mentored

Recent Publications

  1. Meireles, JE; Manos, PS, Pervasive migration across rainforest and sandy coastal plain Aechmea nudicaulis (Bromeliaceae) populations despite contrasting environmental conditions., Molecular Ecology, vol. 27 no. 5 (March, 2018), pp. 1261-1272 [doi]  [abs]
  2. Harnik, PG; Maherali, H; Miller, JH; Manos, PS, Geographic range velocity and its association with phylogeny and life history traits in North American woody plants, Ecology and Evolution, vol. 8 no. 5 (March, 2018), pp. 2632-2644 [doi]  [abs]
  3. Deng, M; Jiang, X-L; Hipp, AL; Manos, PS; Hahn, M, Phylogeny and biogeography of East Asian evergreen oaks (Quercus section Cyclobalanopsis; Fagaceae): Insights into the Cenozoic history of evergreen broad-leaved forests in subtropical Asia., Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, vol. 119 (February, 2018), pp. 170-181 [doi]  [abs]
  4. Hipp, AL; Manos, PS; González-Rodríguez, A; Hahn, M; Kaproth, M; McVay, JD; Avalos, SV; Cavender-Bares, J, Sympatric parallel diversification of major oak clades in the Americas and the origins of Mexican species diversity., New Phytologist, vol. 217 no. 1 (January, 2018), pp. 439-452 [doi]  [abs]
  5. Hauser, DA; Keuter, A; McVay, JD; Hipp, AL; Manos, PS, The evolution and diversification of the red oaks of the California Floristic Province ( Quercus section Lobatae , series Agrifoliae ), American journal of botany, vol. 104 no. 10 (October, 2017), pp. 1581-1595 [doi]