Publications [#245309] of Steffen A. Bass

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Papers Published
  1. Demir, N; Bass, SA, Extracting hadronic viscosity from microscopic transport models, The European Physical Journal C - Particles and Fields, vol. 62 no. 1 (Summer, 2009), pp. 63-68 [s10052-009-1000-8], [doi] .

    Abstract:
    Ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions at the Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider (RHIC) are thought to have created a Quark-Gluon Plasma, characterized by a very small shear viscosity to entropy density ratio η/s, close to the lower bound predicted for that quantity by string theory. However, due to the dynamics of the collision, the produced matter passes through a phase characterized by an expanding and rapidly cooling hadron gas with strongly increasing η/s. Such a rise in η/s would not be compatible with the success of (viscous) hydrodynamics, which requires a very small value of η/s throughout the full evolution of the reaction in order to successfully describe the collective flow seen in the experiments. Here we show that the inclusion of a pion-chemical potential, which is bound to arise due to the separation of chemical and kinetic freeze-out during the collision evolution, will reduce the value of η/s, and argue that introduction of other chemical potentials could ensure the successful application of (viscous) hydrodynamics to collisions at RHIC. © 2009 Springer-Verlag / Società Italiana di Fisica.