Bass, SA; Weber, H; Ernst, C; Bleicher, M; Belkacem, M; Bravina, L; Soff, S; Stöcker, H; Greiner, W; Spieles, C, *Reaction dynamics in Pb + Pb at the CERN/SPS: From partonic degrees of freedom to freeze-out*,
Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics, vol. 42
(1999),
pp. 313-322 [9810077] .
**Abstract:**

*We analyze the reaction dynamics of central Pb+Pb collisions at 160 GeV/nucleon. First we estimate the energy density ∈ pile-up at mid-rapidity and calculate its excitation function: ∈ is decomposed into hadronic and partonic contributions. A detailed analysis of the collision dynamics in the framework of a microscopic transport model shows the importance of partonic degrees of freedom and rescattering of leading (di)quarks in the early phase of the reaction for Elab ≥ 30 GeV/nucleon. The energy density reaches up to 4 GeV/fm3, 95% of which are contained in partonic degrees of freedom. It is shown that cells of hadronic matter, after t ≈ 2R/γυcm, can be viewed as nearly chemically equilibrated. This matter never exceeds energy densities of ∼ 0.4 GeV/fm3, i.e. a density above which the notion of separated hadrons loses its meaning. The final reaction stage is analyzed in terms of hadron ratios, freeze-out distributions and a source analysis for final state pions.*