Publications [#245381] of Steffen A. Bass

Papers Published
  1. Bravina, LV; Zabrodin, EE; Bass, SA; Bleicher, M; Brandstetter, M; Faessler, A; Fuchs, C; Greiner, W; Soff, S; Stoecker, H, Equation of state of resonance-rich matter in the central cell in heavy-ion collisions at $\sqrt{s}$=200 AGeV, Phys. Rev. C, vol. 63 no. 6 (2001), pp. 064902 [0010172] .

    The equilibration of hot and dense nuclear matter produced in the central cell of central Au+Au collisions at RHIC ($\sqrt{s}=200$ AGeV) energies is studied within a microscopic transport model. The pressure in the cell becomes isotropic at $t\approx 5$ fm/$c$ after beginning of the collision. Within the next 15 fm/$c$ the expansion of matter in the cell proceeds almost isentropically with the entropy per baryon ratio $S/A \approx 150$, and the equation of state in the $(P,\epsilon)$ plane has a very simple form, $P=0.15\epsilon$. Comparison with the statistical model of an ideal hadron gas indicates that the time $t \approx 20$ fm/c may be too short to reach the fully equilibrated state. Particularly, the creation of long-lived resonance-rich matter in the cell decelerates the relaxation to chemical equilibrium. This resonance-abundant state can be detected experimentally after the thermal freeze-out of particles.