Bray, HL, *A family of quasi-local mass functionals with monotone flows*, edited by JC Zambrini
(January, 2006),
pp. 323-329 [doi] .
**Abstract:**

*© 2005 by World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd. All rights reserved. We define a one parameter family of quasi-local mass functionals m c (Σ), 0 ≤ c ≤ ∞, which are nondecreasing on surfaces in 3-manifolds with nonnegative scalar curvature with respect to a one parameter family of flows. In the case that c = 0, m 0 (Σ) equals the Hawking mass of Σ 2 and the corresponding flow is inverse mean curvature flow. Then, following the arguments of Geroch [8], Jang and Wald [12] , and Huisken and Ilmanen [9], we note that the generalization of their results for inverse mean curvature flow would imply that if m ADM is the total mass of the complete, asymptotically flat 3-manifold with nonnegative scalar curvature, then m ADM ≥ m c (Σ) for all nonnegative c and all connected surfaces Σ which are not enclosed by surfaces with less area.*