Publications [#174135] of G. Allan Johnson

Papers Published
  1. BM Markaverich, RR Roberts, MA Alejandro, GA Johnson, BS Middleditch, JH Clark, Bioflavonoid interaction with rat uterine type II binding sites and cell growth inhibition., Journal of steroid biochemistry, vol. 30 no. 1-6 (1988), pp. 71-8 .

    Competition analysis with a number of known bioflavonoids demonstrated that these compounds (luteolin, quercetin, pelargonin) compete for [3H]estradiol binding to cytosol and nuclear type II sites in rat uterine preparations. The inhibition of [3H]estradiol binding to type II sites was specific and these bioflavonoids did not interact with the rat uterine estrogen receptor. Since estradiol stimulation of nuclear type II sites in the rat uterus is highly correlated with cellular hypertrophy and hyperplasia, we assessed the effects of these compounds on the growth of MCF-7 human breast cancer cells in culture and on estradiol stimulation of uterine growth in the immature rat. The data demonstrated that addition of quercetin (5-10 micrograms/ml) to MCF-7 cell cultures resulted in a dose-dependent inhibition of cell growth (DNA/flask). This effect was reversible by removal of quercetin from the culture medium, or by the addition of 10 nM estradiol-17 beta to these cell cultures containing this bioflavonoid. Since estradiol-17 beta (10 nM) stimulated nuclear type II sites and proliferation of MCF-7 cells, we believe bioflavonoid inhibition of MCF-7 cell growth may be mediated through an interaction with nuclear type II sites. This hypothesis was confirmed by in vivo studies which demonstrated that injection of luteolin or quercetin blocked estradiol stimulation of nuclear type II sites in the immature rat uterus and this correlated with an inhibition of uterine growth (wet and dry weight). These studies suggest bioflavonoids, through an interaction with type II sites, may be involved in cell growth regulation.