Publications [#246009] of Haiyan Gao

Papers Published
  1. Katich, J; Qian, X; Zhao, YX; Allada, K; Aniol, K; Annand, JRM; Averett, T; Benmokhtar, F; Bertozzi, W; Bradshaw, PC; Bosted, P; Camsonne, A; Canan, M; Cates, GD; Chen, C; Chen, J-P; Chen, W; Chirapatpimol, K; Chudakov, E; Cisbani, E; Cornejo, JC; Cusanno, F; Dalton, MM; Deconinck, W; de Jager, CW; De Leo, R; Deng, X; Deur, A; Ding, H; Dolph, PAM; Dutta, C; Dutta, D; El Fassi, L; Frullani, S; Gao, H; Garibaldi, F; Gaskell, D; Gilad, S; Gilman, R; Glamazdin, O; Golge, S; Guo, L; Hamilton, D et al., Measurement of the target-normal single-spin asymmetry in deep-inelastic scattering from the reaction (3)He(↑)(e,e')X., Physical Review Letters, vol. 113 no. 2 (July, 2014), pp. 022502 [doi] .

    Abstract:
    We report the first measurement of the target-normal single-spin asymmetry in deep-inelastic scattering from the inclusive reaction 3)He(↑)(e,e')X on a polarized (3)He gas target. Assuming time-reversal invariance, this asymmetry is strictly zero in the Born approximation but can be nonzero if two-photon-exchange contributions are included. The experiment, conducted at Jefferson Lab using a 5.89 GeV electron beam, covers a range of 1.72  GeV, which is nonzero at the 2.89σ level. Our measured asymmetry agrees both in sign and magnitude with a two-photon-exchange model prediction that uses input from the Sivers transverse momentum distribution obtained from semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering.