Weicker, L; Erneux, T; Rosin, DP; Gauthier, DJ, *Multirhythmicity in an optoelectronic oscillator with large delay*,
Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics, vol. 91 no. 1
(January, 2015),
pp. 012910 [doi] .
**Abstract:**

*An optoelectronic oscillator exhibiting a large delay in its feedback loop is studied both experimentally and theoretically. We show that multiple square-wave oscillations may coexist for the same values of the parameters (multirhythmicity). Depending on the sign of the phase shift, these regimes admit either periods close to an integer fraction of the delay or periods close to an odd integer fraction of twice the delay. These periodic solutions emerge from successive Hopf bifurcation points and stabilize at a finite amplitude following a scenario similar to Eckhaus instability in spatially extended systems. We find quantitative agreements between experiments and numerical simulations. The linear stability of the square waves is substantiated analytically by determining the stable fixed points of a map.*