Mello, PA; Baranger, HU, *Interference Phenomena in Electronic Transport Through Chaotic Cavities:
An Information-Theoretic Approach*, vol. 9 no. 2
(December, 1998),
pp. 105 -- 146 [9812225v1], [doi] .
**Abstract:**

*We develop a statistical theory describing quantum-mechanical scattering of a
particle by a cavity when the geometry is such that the classical dynamics is
chaotic. This picture is relevant to a variety of systems, ranging from atomic
nuclei to microwave cavities; the main application here is to electronic
transport through ballistic microstructures. The theory describes the regime in
which there are two distinct time scales, associated with a prompt and an
equilibrated response, and is cast in terms of the matrix of scattering
amplitudes S. The prompt response is related to the energy average of S which,
through ergodicity, is expressed as the average over an ensemble of systems. We
use an information-theoretic approach: the ensemble of S-matrices is determined
by (1) general physical features-- symmetry, causality, and ergodicity, (2) the
specific energy average of S, and (3) the notion of minimum information in the
ensemble. This ensemble, known as Poisson's kernel, is meant to describe those
situations in which any other information is irrelevant. Thus, one constructs
the one-energy statistical distribution of S using only information expressible
in terms of S itself without ever invoking the underlying Hamiltonian. This
formulation has a remarkable predictive power: from the distribution of S we
derive properties of the quantum conductance of cavities, including its
average, its fluctuations, and its full distribution in certain cases, both in
the absence and presence prompt response. We obtain good agreement with the
results of the numerical solution of the Schrodinger equation for cavities in
which either prompt response is absent or there are two widely separated time
scales. Good agreement with experimental data is obtained once temperature
smearing and dephasing effects are taken into account.*