Idilbi, A; Mehen, T, *On the equivalence of soft and zero-bin subtractions*,
Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation, and Cosmology, vol. 75 no. 11
(2007) [0702022], [doi] .
**Abstract:**

*Zero-bin subtractions are required to avoid double counting soft contributions in collinear loop integrals in soft-collinear effective theory (SCET). In traditional approaches to factorization, double counting is avoided by dividing jet functions by matrix elements of soft Wilson lines. In this paper, we compare the two approaches to double counting, studying the quark form factor and deep inelastic scattering (DIS) as xB→1 as examples. We explain how the zero-bin subtractions in SCET are required to reproduce the well-established factorization theorem for DIS as xB→1. We study one-loop virtual contributions to the quark form factor and real gluon emission diagrams in DIS. The two approaches to double counting are equivalent if dimensional regularization (DR) is used to regulate infrared (IR) divergences. We discuss in detail ambiguities in the calculation of one-loop scaleless integrals in DR in SCET and perturbative QCD. We also demonstrate a nontrivial check of the equivalence of the zero-bin subtraction and the soft Wilson line subtraction in the virtual two-loop Abelian contributions to the quark form factor. © 2007 The American Physical Society.*