Tsai, H-M; Müller, B, *Phenomenology of the three-flavor PNJL model and thermal strange quark production*,
Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics, vol. 36 no. 7
(2009),
pp. 075101 [2216], [doi] .
**Abstract:**

*We study the temperature dependence of the adjoint Polyakov loop and its implication for the momentum spectrum of gluons in the mean-field approximation. This allows us to calculate the contribution of the thermal (transverse) gluons to the thermodynamic pressure. As an application, we evaluate the rates for the strange quark pair-production processes and as functions of temperature including thermal effects on quark deconfinement and chiral symmetry breaking. © 2009 IOP Publishing Ltd.*