Calderbank, AB; Forney, GD; Vardy, A, *Minimal tail-biting trellises: The Golay code and more*,
IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory - Proceedings
(December, 1998),
pp. 255 [doi] .
**Abstract:**

*A 16-state tail-biting trellis for the binary (24,12,8) Golay code C 24 is exhibited. This tail-biting trellis is minimal. It has many other nice properties, and may be simpler to decode than the minimal conventional trellis for C 24 . Unwrapping this tail-biting trellis produces a periodically-time-varying 16-state rate-1/2 convolutional code. This «Golay convolutional code» is the first known example of a self-dual doubly-even binary linear convolutional code. It has greater minimum distance than any 16-state time-invariant convolutional code of rate 1/2. Demonstrably minimal tail-biting trellises are given for several other binary and nonbinary self-dual codes. For some nonbinary codes, tail-biting trellises based on code generators over a group are simpler than any tail-biting trellis based on linear generators over a field. © 1998 IEEE.*