Publications [#303652] of Shailesh Chandrasekharan

Papers Published
  1. Chandrasekharan, S; Mehta, AC, Effects of the anomaly on the two-flavor QCD chiral phase transition, Phys.Rev.Lett., vol. 99 (May, 2007), pp. 142004 [0705.0617v1], [doi] .

    We use strongly coupled lattice QED with two flavors of massless staggered fermions to model the physics of pions in two-flavor massless QCD. Our model has the right chiral symmetries and can be studied efficiently with cluster algorithms. In particular we can tune the strength of the QCD anomaly and thus study its effects on the chiral phase transition. Our study confirms the widely accepted view point that the chiral phase transition is first order in the absence of the anomaly. Turning on the anomaly weakens the transition and turns it second order at a critical anomaly strength. The anomaly strength at the tricritical point is characterized using $r = (M_{\eta'}-M_{\pi})/\rho_{\eta'}$ where $M_{\eta'}, M_{\pi}$ are the screening masses of the anomalous and regular pions and $\rho_{\eta'}$ is the mass-scale that governs the low energy fluctuations of the anomalous symmetry. We estimate that $r \sim 7 $ in our model. This suggests that a strong anomaly at the two-flavor QCD chiral phase transition is necessary to wash out the first order transition.