Publications [#248559] of Werner Tornow

Papers Published
  1. Chen, Q; Howell, CR; Carman, TS; Gibbs, WR; Gibson, BF; Hussein, A; Kiser, MR; Mertens, G; Moore, CF; Morris, C; Obst, A; Pasyuk, E; Roper, CD; Salinas, F; Setze, HR; Slaus, I; Sterbenz, S; Tornow, W; Walter, RL; Whiteley, CR; Whitton, M, Measurement of the neutron-neutron scattering length using the π-d capture reaction, Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics, vol. 77 no. 5 (2008) [doi] .

    We have determined a value for the 1S0 neutron-neutron scattering length (ann) from high-precision measurements of time-of-flight spectra of neutrons from the H2(π-,nγ)n capture reaction. The measurements were done at the Los Alamos Meson Physics Facility by the E1286 Collaboration. The high spatial resolution of our γ-ray detector enabled us to make a detailed assessment of the systematic uncertainties in our techniques. The value obtained in the present work is ann=-18.63±0.10 (statistical) ± 0.44 (systematic) ± 0.30 (theoretical) fm. This result is consistent with previous determinations of ann from the π-d capture reaction. We found that the analysis of the data with calculations that use a relativistic phase-space factor gives a more negative value for ann by 0.33 fm over the analysis done using a nonrelativistic phase-space factor. Combining the present result with the previous ones from π-d capture gives ann=-18.63±0.27(expt) ±0.30 fm (theory). For the first time the combined statistical and systematic experimental uncertainty in ann is smaller than the theoretical uncertainty and comparable to the uncertainty in the proton-proton 1S0 scattering length (app). This average value of ann when corrected for the magnetic-moment interaction of the two neutrons becomes -18.9 ± 0.4 fm, which is 1.6 ± 0.5 fm different from the recommended value of app, thereby confirming charge symmetry breaking at the 1% confidence level. © 2008 The American Physical Society.