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Judith Kelley, ITT/Terry Sanford Professor of Public Policy Studies and Professor of Political Science and Senior Associate Dean of Sanford School of Public Policy

Judith Kelley
Contact Info:
Office Location:  240A Sanford Bldg, Box 90245, Durham, NC 27708
Office Phone:  (919) 613-7343
Email Address:  
Web Page:   https://sanford.duke.edu/file/4331/


Ph.D., Harvard University, 2001
M.P.P., Harvard University, 1997
B.A., Stanford University, 1995

International Relations
Comparative Politics
Political Institutions
Research Interests: The effects of external actors on domestic reforms, international institutions, international law, international election monitoring, human trafficking, democratization, US treaty ratification

Kelley's work focuses on how various international actors can promote domestic political reforms in recalcitrant states, and how international norms and law influence state behavior. Substantively, her work addresses human rights and democracy, international election observation, human trafficking, the International Criminal Court, the European Union and other international organizations. Details on her election monitoring project are on the web at Project on International Election Monitoring. Her newest work focuses on the global fight against human trafficking. She currently has a grant from the Smith Richardson Foundation and the Trent Foundation for this project. Her work has been published by Princeton University Press, and in journals such as the American Political Science Review, International Organization and the Journal of Common Market Studies. Her most recent book, Monitoring Democracy: When International Election Observation Works and Why It Often Fails (Princeton 2012) received the Chadwick F. Alger Prize, which is awarded by the International Studies Association to recognize the "best book published in the previous calendar year on the subject of international organization and multilateralism."

Curriculum Vitae
Representative Publications   (More Publications)

  1. Kelley, JG; Simmons, BA, Politics by number: Indicators as social pressure in international relations, American Journal of Political Science, vol. 59 no. 1 (Online first), pp. 55-70 [abstract], [doi]  [abs].
  2. Judith Kelley and Jon Pevehouse, An Opportunity Cost Theory of Treaty Ratification, International Studies Quarterly (forthcoming)  [abs].
  3. with Susan Hyde, , The Limits of Election Monitoring: What Independent Observation Can (and Can’t) Do, Foreign Affairs (June 29, 2011) [the-limits-of-election-monitoring] .
  4. Kelley, J, Do international election monitors increase or decrease opposition boycotts?, Comparative Political Studies, vol. 44 no. 11 (November, 2011), pp. 1527-1556 [0010414011399885.abstract], [doi]  [abs].
  5. Kelley, J, Election observers and their biases, Journal of Democracy, vol. 21 no. 3 (July, 2010), pp. 158-172 [repository], [doi]  [abs].
  6. Kelley, J, D-Minus elections: The politics and norms of international election observation, International organization, vol. 63 no. 4 (Fall, 2009), pp. 765-787 [doi]  [abs].
  7. J. Kelley, The Potential for Organizational Membership Rules to Enhance Regional Cooperation?, in Integrating Regions: Asia in Comparative Perspective, edited by Miles Kahler and Andrew MacIntyre (2013), pp. 78-103, Stanford University Press .
  8. Kelley, J, The more the merrier? the effects of having multiple international election monitoring organizations, Perspectives on Politics, vol. 7 no. 1 (2009), pp. 59-64 [displayAbstract], [doi]  [abs].
  9. Kelley, JG, International influences on elections in new multiparty states, Annual Review of Political Science, vol. 15 no. June (June, 2012), pp. 203-220 [doi]  [abs].
  10. Bradley, CA; Kelley, JG, The concept of international delegation, Law and contemporary problems, vol. 71 no. 1 (Winter, 2008), pp. 1-36  [abs].
  11. Kelley, J, Assessing the complex evolution of norms: The rise of international election monitoring, International organization, vol. 62 no. 2 (Spring, 2008), pp. 221-255 [displayAbstract], [doi]  [abs].
  12. Kelley, J, Who keeps international commitments and why? The international criminal court and bilateral nonsurrender agreements, The American political science review, vol. 101 no. 3 (August, 2007), pp. 573-589 [displayIssue], [doi]  [abs].
  13. Kelley, J, New Wine in Old Wineskins: Policy Learning and Adaption in The new European Neighborhood Policy, Journal of Common Market Studies, vol. 44 no. 1 (2006), pp. 29-55 [online]  [abs].
  14. Kelley, J, Strategic non-cooperation as soft balancing: Why Iraq was not just about Iraq, International Politics, vol. 42 no. 2 (2005), pp. 153-173 [repository], [doi]  [abs].
  15. J. Kelley, Ethnic Politics in Europe: The Power of Norms and Incentives. 2004 (2006 Paperback version), Princeton University Press [online]  [abs].
  16. Kelley, J, International actors on the domestic scene: Membership conditionality and socialization by international institutions, International organization, vol. 58 no. 3 (Summer, 2004), pp. 425-457 (Reprinted in Martin, Lisa, Editor. Global Governance, Ashgate 2008.) [Gateway.cgi], [doi]  [abs].
  17. Kelley, J, Does domestic politics limit the influence of external actors on ethnic politics?, Human Rights Review, vol. 4 no. 3 (2004), pp. 34-54 (April-June 2003.) [available here], [doi]  [abs].

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