Michael Hardt, Professor of Literature

Michael Hardt

Michael Hardt's writings explore the new forms of domination in the contemporary world as well as the social movements and other forces of liberation that resist them. In the Empire trilogy -- Empire (2000), Multitude (2004), and Commonwealth(2009) -- he and Antonio Negri investigate the political, legal, economic, and social aspects of globalization. They also study the political and economic alternatives that could lead to a more democratic world. Their pamphlet Declaration (2012) attempts to articulate the significance of the encampments and occupations that began in 2011, from Tahrir Square to Zuccotti Park, and to recognize the primary challenges faced by emerging democratic social movements today.

Office Location:  106 Friedl Building, Buchanan and Trinity, Durham, NC 27708-0670
Office Phone:  (919) 684-3408
Email Address: send me a message

Teaching (Fall 2022):

Teaching (Spring 2023):


Ph.D.University of Washington1990
M.A.University of Washington1986
B.S.Swarthmore College1983

European Studies
Globalization, Postmodernity, Contemporaneity
Modern and Contemporary
Critical Theory, Philosophy
Theories of Value and the Economics of Literature
Research Interests:

Michael Hardt's recent writings deal primarily with the political, legal, economic, and social aspects of globalization. In his books with Antonio Negri he has analyzed the functioning of the current global power structure (Empire, 2000) and the possible democratic alternatives to that structure (Multitude, 2004). Many of his seminars focus on the work of important figures in the history of critical theory and political theory, such as Marx, Jefferson, Gramsci, Foucault, Deleuze, and Guattari. He also works on modern Italian literature and culture.

Representative Publications

  1. with Hardt, M; Negri, A, Declaration (2012), Argo Navis (self-published)
  2. with Hardt, M; Negri, A, Commonwealth (2009), Harvard University Press, ISBN 978-0674060289
  3. with Hardt, M; Negri, A, Multitude (2004), Penguin Press
  4. with Hardt, M; Negri, A, Empire (2000), Harvard University Press