**Papers Published**

- Layton, AT,
*An efficient numerical method for the two-fluid Stokes equations with a moving immersed boundary*, Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, vol. 197 no. 25-28 (2007), pp. 2147-2155, ISSN 0045-7825

(last updated on 2018/07/16)**Abstract:**

We consider the immersed boundary problem in which the boundary separates two very viscous fluids with differing viscosities. The moving elastic boundary may exert a force on the local fluid. The model solution is obtained using the immersed interface method, which computes second-order accurate approximations by incorporating known jumps in the solution or its derivatives into a finite difference method. These jump conditions become coupled when the fluid viscosity has a jump across the boundary, and this coupling renders the application of the immersed interface method challenging. We present a method that first uses boundary integral equations to reduce the two-fluid Stokes problem to the single-fluid case, and then solves the single-fluid problem using the immersed interface method. Using this method, we assess, through two numerical examples, how the fluid dynamics are affected by differing viscosities in the two-fluid regions. We also propose an implicit algorithm and a fractional-step algorithm for advancing the boundary position. Because both algorithms make use of the integral form of the solution, neither one requires the solution of a large system of coupled nonlinear equations, as is traditionally the case. Numerical results suggest that, for sufficiently stiff problems, the fractional time-stepping algorithm is the most efficient, in the sense that it allows the largest time-interval between subsequent updates of global model solutions. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.