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Publications [#270608] of James A. Blumenthal

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Journal Articles

  1. Dunbar, SB; Clark, PC; Reilly, CM; Gary, RA; Smith, A; McCarty, F; Higgins, M; Grossniklaus, D; Kaslow, N; Frediani, J; Dashiff, C; Ryan, R (2013). A trial of family partnership and education interventions in heart failure. Journal of Cardiac Failure, 19(7), 829-841.
    (last updated on 2019/07/16)

    Abstract:
    Background: Lowering dietary sodium and adhering to medication regimens are difficult for persons with heart failure (HF). Because these behaviors often occur within the family context, this study evaluated the effects of family education and partnership interventions on dietary sodium (Na) intake and medication adherence (MA). Methods and Results: HF patient and family member (FM) dyads (n = 117) were randomized to: usual care (UC), patient-FM education (PFE), or family partnership intervention (FPI). Dietary Na (3-day food record), urinary Na (24-hour urine), and MA (Medication Events Monitoring System) were measured at baseline (BL) before randomization, and at 4 and 8 months. FPI and PFE reduced urinary Na at 4 months, and FPI differed from UC at 8 months (P=016). Dietary Na decreased from BL to 4 months, with both PFE (P=04) and FPI (P=.018) lower than UC. The proportion of subjects adherent to Na intake (≤2,500 mg/d) was higher at 8 months in PFE and FPI than in UC (c2 (2)=7.076; P=029).MAdid not differ among groups across time. Both FPI and PFE groups increased HF knowledge immediately after intervention. Conclusions: Dietary Na intake, but not MA, was improved by PFE and FPI compared with UC. The UC group was less likely to be adherent with dietary Na. Greater efforts to study and incorporate family-focused education and support interventions into HF care are warranted. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


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