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Publications [#254728] of Myron L. Wolbarsht

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Journal Articles

  1. Bracco, P; Lanterna, G; Matteini, M; Nakahara, K; Sartiani, O; Cruz, AD; Wolbarsht, ML; Adamkiewicz, E; Colombini, MP (2003). Er:YAG laser: An innovative tool for controlled cleaning of old paintings: Testing and evaluation. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 4(SUPPL. 1), 202s-208s. [doi]
    (last updated on 2018/04/21)

    Abstract:
    A cleaning method based on an Er:YAG laser system at 2.94 μm, highly absorbed by OH bonds, was tested for removal of over-paintings, varnishes and patina top-layers from various painted surfaces, including laboratory paint models and old paintings. The aim was to evaluate the efficiency, selectivity and safety of the laser cleaning method using various pulse energies and various OH containing wetting agents to enhance the efficacy and limit the penetration of the laser beam. A large number of paint models were prepared with known characteristics (type and number of layers, thickness, composition) simulating old masters' techniques. A set of diagnostic controls was designed to study the effects of the laser radiation on the surface components, including morphological, optical and chemical examination and analyses. The aim was also to compare the laser method with the traditional solvent based procedures. Thresholds of safe energy were found for each type of surface layer such as varnishes and over-paintings. The results confirmed the suitability of the Er:YAG laser when used by qualified and expert conservators, especially in combination with traditional chemical and mechanical cleaning methods. © 2003 Éditions scientifiques et médicales Elsevier SAS. All rights reserved.


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