Publications [#252783] of Elizabeth J. Marsh

Journal Articles

  1. Roediger, HL; Marsh, EJ (2005). The positive and negative consequences of multiple-choice testing.. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 31(5), 1155-1159.
    (last updated on 2022/01/27)

    Multiple-choice tests are commonly used in educational settings but with unknown effects on students' knowledge. The authors examined the consequences of taking a multiple-choice test on a later general knowledge test in which students were warned not to guess. A large positive testing effect was obtained: Prior testing of facts aided final cued-recall performance. However, prior testing also had negative consequences. Prior reading of a greater number of multiple-choice lures decreased the positive testing effect and increased production of multiple-choice lures as incorrect answers on the final test. Multiple-choice testing may inadvertently lead to the creation of false knowledge.