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Publications of Gregory R. Lockhead    :chronological  alphabetical  combined  bibtex listing:

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Journal Articles

  1. Needham, A, Dueker, G, & Lockhead, G., (2005). Infants’ formation and use of categories to segregate objects. Cognition, 94, 215-240...
  2. Huettel, SA; Lockhead, GR (1999). Range effects of an irrelevant dimension on classification.. Perception & Psychophysics, 61(8), 1624-1645. [10598475]  [abs]
  3. Lockhead, GR; Huettel, SA (1999). Isomorphisms and subjective colors. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 22(6), 959-960.  [abs]
  4. Dragoi, V; Lockhead, GR (1999). Context-Dependent Changes in Visual Sensitivity Induced by Muller-Lyer Stimuli. Vision Research, 39, 1657-1670.
  5. Lockhead, G (1998). The bases for simple judgments are complex: Review of Sensation and Judgment by J.C. Baird. American Journal of Psychology, 111(2), 296-303.
  6. Lockhead, GR; Dragoi, V; Wolbarsht, M (1997). The Microgenesis of Geometrical Illusions: Context-Dependent Changes in Visual Sensitivity and the Muller-Lyer Effect. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, 38(S643).
  7. Lockhead, G.R., Dragoi, V. & Huettel, S. (1996). Context and Judgment. Fechner Day 96, Padua, Italy, 149-154.
  8. Lockhead, G (1995). Psycholphysical scaling methods reveal and measure context effects. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 18, 601-612.
  9. Lockhead, G (1994). Psychological measures of objects and their features: It is time for a change. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 17(4), 757-772.
  10. LOCKHEAD, GR (1993). A PARALLEL VIEW OF THE HISTORY OF PSYCHOPHYSICS. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 16(1), 154-155. [Gateway.cgi], [doi]
  11. LOCKHEAD, GR (1992). PSYCHOPHYSICAL SCALING - JUDGMENTS OF ATTRIBUTES OR OBJECTS. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 15(3), 543-558. [Gateway.cgi], [doi]
  12. Lockhead, G (1992). Constancy in a changing world. Behavioral & Brain Sciences, 15, 587-601.
  13. Lockhead, GR; Wolbarsht, ML (1991). Toying with the moon illusion.. Applied Optics, 30(24), 3504-3507. [20706418]  [abs]
  14. ALLAN, LG; SIEGEL, S; TOPPAN, P; LOCKHEAD, GR (1991). ASSESSMENT OF THE MCCOLLOUGH EFFECT BY A SHIFT IN PSYCHOMETRIC FUNCTION. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 29(1), 21-24. [Gateway.cgi]
  15. (1991). Fechner Day '91. International Society for Psychophysics, Cassis, France, 237.
  16. (1991). The Perception of Structure. American Psychological Association, Washington, D.C., 338.
  17. Seaber, J; Lockhead, GR (1989). McCullough aftereffects in strabismus and amblyopia. Vision Research, 29, 609-617.
  18. G. Lockhead (1988). An alternative to the neural attention hypothesis for auditory psychophysics. Fechner Day '88, Stirling, Scotland: International Society for Psychophysics, 101-102.
  19. Lockhead, G (1988). Modeling temporal and spatial differences. The Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 11, 302-303.
  20. Lockhead, GR; King, M (1988). Assimilation and contrast: Two processes or one?. New Ideas in Psychology, 6, 293-299.
  21. Seaber, JH; Fisher, B; Lockhead, GR; Wolbarsht, ML (1987). Incidence and characteristics of McCollough aftereffects following video display terminal use.. Journal of Occupational Medicine. : Official Publication of the Industrial Medical Association, 29(9), 727-729. (Also see: Yearbook of Ophthalmology (1988), Mirror Books; Key Ophthalmology (March 1988), 43-44, Times Mirror Books). [3681504]  [abs]
  22. HINSON, JM; LOCKHEAD, GR (1987). MOMENTARY AND GLOBAL MAXIMIZING. Behavioural Processes, 14(1), 21-34. [Gateway.cgi], [doi]
  23. Lockhead, G (1987). Category thresholds. Fechner Day, Northampton, MA: International Society for Psychophysics, 23-28.
  24. Wallace, WT; Lockhead, GR (1987). Brightness of luminance distributions with gradual changes.. Vision Research, 27(9), 1589-1601. [3445491]  [abs]
  25. Lockhead, GR; Hinson, J (1986). Range and sequence effects in judgment.. Perception & Psychophysics, 40(1), 53-61. [3748766]
  26. Hinson, J; Lockhead, GR (1986). Range effects in successive discrimination procedures. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 12, 270-276.
  27. Wolbarsht, ML; Lockhead, GR (1985). Moon illusion: a new perspective.. Applied Optics, 24(12), 1844. [18223803]
  28. Bradow, F; Lockhead, GR; Bradow, R (1985). Implications of perception thresholds for soiling. Proceedings of the Air Pollution Control Association, 8.5, 1-20.
  29. Lockhead, GR; King, MC (1983). A memory model of sequential effects in scaling tasks.. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance, 9(3), 461-473. [6223983], [doi]  [abs]
  30. Reed, SK; Hock, HS; Lockhead, GR (1983). Tacit knowledge and the effect of pattern configuration on mental scanning.. Memory & Cognition, 11(2), 137-143. [6865747]
  31. Lockhead, G (1983). Biologic Analogues of Image Inhancement and the Dynamics of the Visual System. Technical Report to the Southeastern Center for Electrical Engineering Education, 138.
  32. Lockhead, G (1983). A word processor induced visual aftereffect. Human Factors Society Bulletin, 26, 2-7.
  33. Lockhead, GR (1982). Practically perfect performance.. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 71(3), 755-756. [7085976]
  34. King, MC; Lockhead, GR (1981). Response scales and sequential effects in judgment.. Perception & Psychophysics, 30(6), 599-603. [7335458]
  35. Lockhead, GR; Byrd, R (1981). Practically perfect pitch. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 70(2), 387-389. [Gateway.cgi], [doi]
  36. LOCKHEAD, GR (1981). CONTEXT AFFECTS MEASURES OF SENSORY INTENSITY. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 4(2), 196-197. [Gateway.cgi], [doi]
  37. Lockhead, GR; Johnson, RC; Gold, FM (1980). Saltation through the blind spot.. Perception & Psychophysics, 27(6), 545-549. [7393702]
  38. LOCKHEAD, GR; CRIST, WB (1980). MAKING LETTERS DISTINCTIVE. Journal of Educational Psychology, 72(4), 483-493. [Gateway.cgi], [doi]
  39. Gruenewald, PJ; Lockhead, GR (1980). The free recall of category examples.. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning & Memory, 6(3), 225-240. [Gateway.cgi], [doi]
  40. Staddon, JER; King, M; Lockhead, GR (1980). On sequential effects in absolute judgments. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 6, 290-301.
  41. Lockhead, GR (1979). Holistic versus analytic process models: a reply.. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance, 5(4), 746-755. [528971]  [abs]
  42. KING, MC; CRIST, WB; LOCKHEAD, GR (1979). CONTEXT AND GOODNESS IN A FOCUSING TASK. Perception & Psychophysics, 26(4), 305-311. [Gateway.cgi], [doi]
  43. LOCKHEAD, GR; EVANS, NJ (1979). EMMERTS IMAGINAL LAW. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 13(2), 114-116. [Gateway.cgi], [doi]
  44. Lockhead, GR; Gruenewald, P; King, M (1978). Holistic vs. attribute repetition effects in classifying stimuli.. Memory & Cognition, 6(4), 438-445. [692368]
  45. King, MC; Gruenewald, P; Lockhead, GR (1978). Classifying related stimuli.. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning & Memory, 4(5), 417-427. [Gateway.cgi], [doi]
  46. Walker, CF; Lockhead, GR; Markle, DR; McElhaney, JH (1977). Parameters of stimulation and perception in an artificial sensory feedback system.. Journal of Bioengineering, 1(3), 251-256. [615883]  [abs]
  47. Lockhead, GR; King, MC (1977). Classifying intergral stimuli.. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance, 3(3), 436-443. [886277]  [abs]
  48. Markle, D., Walker, C., McElhaney, J. & Lockhead, G.R. (1977). Discriminability of stimulation frequency in an artificial senory feedback system. Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference on Engineering in Medicine and Biology.
  49. WHITE, CW; LOCKHEAD, GR; EVANS, NJ (1977). MULTIDIMENSIONAL-SCALING OF SUBJECTIVE COLORS BY COLOR-BLIND OBSERVERS. Perception & Psychophysics, 21(6), 522-526. [Gateway.cgi], [doi]
  50. MONAHAN, JS; LOCKHEAD, GR (1977). IDENTIFICATION OF INTEGRAL STIMULI. Journal of Experimental Psychology. General, 106(1), 94-110. [Gateway.cgi], [doi]
  51. HUTCHINSON, JW; LOCKHEAD, GR (1977). SIMILARITY AS DISTANCE - STRUCTURAL PRINCIPLE FOR SEMANTIC MEMORY. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning & Memory, 3(6), 660-678. [Gateway.cgi], [doi]
  52. Monahan, J; Lockhead, GR (1974). Concerning processes involved in judging redundant two-dimensional stimuli. Proceedings of the American Psychological Association.
  53. Gravetter, F; Lockhead, GR (1973). Criterial range as a frame of reference for stimulus judgment.. Psychological Review, 80(3), 203-216. [4714675]
  54. Lockhead, GR (1972). Processing dimensional stimuli: a note.. Psychological Review, 79(5), 410-419. [5076869]
  55. Gravetter, FJ; Lockhead, GR (1972). Critical response as a frame of a reference for judgment. Program of the Psychonomic Society, 26.
  56. G. Lockhead (August, 1971). Choosing a Response. International Congress on Memory and Attention. (Boulder, Colorado, (Acta Psychologica, 1971)).
  57. Arend, LE; Buehler, JN; Lockhead, GR (1971). Difference information and brightness perception. Perception & Psychophysics, 9, 367-370.
  58. Ward, LM; Lockhead, GR (1971). Response system processes in absolute judgment. Perception & Psychophysics, 9, 73-78.
  59. Lockhead, GR (1970). Identification and the form of multidimensional discrimination space.. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 85(1), 1-10. [5458322]
  60. Ward, LM; Lockhead, GR (1970). Sequential effects and memory in category judgments. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 84, 27-34.
  61. Gravetter, FJ; Lockhead, GR (1969). Criterial dispersion's and the stimulus range. Proceedings 78th Annual APA Convention, 41-42.
  62. Lockhead, GR; Ward, LM (1969). Memorial processes and category judgments. Psychonomic Bulletin, 15.
  63. Lockhead, GR; Khokhlov, N (1968). Multidimensional discriminability and salience of attributes. Proceedings of the Eastern Psychological Association, 132.
  64. Holland, MK; Lockhead, GR (1968). Sequential effects in absolute judgments of loudness. Perception & Psychophysics, 3, 409-414.
  65. Lockhead, G (October, 1967). Form of redundancy and identification of three-dimensional stimuli. Psychonomic Bulletin, 1, 2.
  66. Crovitz, HF; Lockhead, GR (1967). Possible monocular predictors of binocular rivalry of contours. Perception & Psychophysics, 2(2), 83-85. [doi]  [abs]
  67. Lockhead, GR (1966). Effects of dimensional redundancy on visual discrimination.. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 72(1), 95-104. [5967738]
  68. Lockhead, G (1966). Visual discrimination and methods of presenting redundant stimuli. Proceedings of the American Psychological Association, 67-68.
  69. Chapanis, A; Lockhead, GR (1965). A test of the effectiveness of sensor lines showing linkages between displays and controls.. Human Factors, 7(3), 219-229. [5867017], [doi]
  70. Lockhead, G (1965). Repetition redundancy and visual form discrimination. Psychonomic Science, 3, 319-320.
  71. G. Lockhead & E.T. Klemmer (1962). Further Data on card punch operator performance. IBM Research Note, NC-39.
  72. Lockhead, G; Klemmer, ET (1962). Productivity and errors in two keying tasks: A field study. Journal of Applied Psychology, 46, 401-408.
  73. Lockhead, G (1962). Methods of presenting paired associates. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 1, 62-65. (See also, Order of presentation in paired associate learning. IBM Research Paper, RC- 513).
  74. LOCKHEAD, GR (1961). A re-evaluation of evidence of one-trial associative learning.. The American Journal of Psychology, 74, 590-595. [14466145]
  75. Klemmer, E.T. & Lockhead, G.R. (1960). An analysis of productivity and errors on keypunches and bank proof machines. IBM Research Report, RC-354.
  76. Lockhead, G. & Klemmer, E.T. (1959). An evaluation of an 8-key word-writing typewriter. IBM Research Report, RC-180.


  1. G. Lockhead On the Bases for Human Judgment.

Chapters in Books

  1. Lockhead, G.R. & Wolbarsht, M. "The moon illusion and other toys." The Moon Illusion. Ed. M. Hershenson Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, 2004: 259-266.
  2. G. Lockhead "Context and Judgment." Fechner Day 2001. Pabst Science Publishers, Leipzig, Germany, 2001: 186-192.
  3. Huettel, S. & Lockhead, G. "A Framework for Feature Creation. Commentary on: The Development of Features in Object Concepts." Behavioral and Brain Sciences. Ed. Schyns, P.G., Goldstone, R.L., & Thibaut, J. 2000
  4. Huettel, S. & Lockhead, GR ""Psychologically Rational Choice: Selection Between Alternatives in a Multiple-Equilibrium Game"."  2000: 143-160.
  5. G. Lockhead "Context Determines Perception." Psychology, Science, and Human Affairs: Essays in Honor of William Bevan. Ed. F. Kessel Westview Press, NY, 1995: 125-137.
  6. G. Lockhead "Commentary on S.C. Masin, Some Philosophical Observations on Perceptual Science." Foundations of Perceptual Theory. Ed. C.S. Masin North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1993: 67-73.
  7. G. Lockhead "Commentary on Perceptual Similarity and Conceptual Structure." Percepts, concepts, and Categories: the Representation and Processing of Information: Advances in Psychololgy. Ed. B. Burns North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1992: 273-274.
  8. G. Lockhead "On Identifying Things: A case for context." Representation and Processing of Information: Advances in Psychology. Ed. B. Burns North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1992: 109-143.
  9. Lisanby, S.H. & Lockhead, G.R. "Subjective Randomness, Aesthetics, and Structure." The Perception of Structure. Ed. G. Lockhead & J. Pomerantz American Psychological Association, Washington, D.C., 1991: 97-114.
  10. Pomerantz, J.R. & Lockhead, G.R. "Perception of Structure: An overview." The Perception of Structure. Ed. G. Lockhead & J. Pomerantz American Psychological Association, Washington, D.C., 1991: 1-20.
  11. G. Lockhead "Category bounds and stimulus variability." Object Structure and Process. Ed. B. Shepp and S. Ballesteros Norwood, NJ: Erlbaum, 1989: 267-296.
  12. G. Lockhead "Limites de las categorias y variabilidad del estimulo." Percepcion del Objeto: Estructura y Procesos. Ed. J.L.F. Trespalacios, B. Shepp, S. Ballesteros 1988: 553-596.
  13. Lockhead, G.R. & King, M. "Identification functtions and response variability." Fechner Day '86. Ed. B. Berglund, U. Berglund & R. Teghtsoonian Stockholm: International Society for Psychophysics, 1986: 59-64.
  14. G. Lockhead "Sequential predictors of choice." Preparatory States and Processes. Ed. S. Kornblum and J. Requin Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, 1984: 27-48.
  15. Schiffman, S & Lockhead, G.R. "Individual Differences Scaling of Taste and Smell." Food Research and Data Analysis. Barking Essex, England: Applied Science Publishers Ltd., 1983: 271-303.
  16. G. Lockhead "Know, then decide." Cognitive Processes in Choice and Decision Behavior, Chapter 8. Ed. T.N. Wallsten New York: Academic Press, 1980
  17. G. Lockhead "Choosing a response." Attention and Performance IV. Ed. S. Kornblum New York: Academic Press, 1973: 289-301.

Commentaries/Book Reviews

  1. (1995). [Cognitive Approaches to Human Perception]. American Scientist, 83, 379-380.
  2. G. Lockhead (1975). [Sensation and measurement by Moskowitz, Scharf, and Stevens, Ed.]Papers in Honor of S.S. Stevens, 189.

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