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Publications [#253986] of Kathleen J. Sikkema

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Journal Articles

  1. Sikkema, KJ; Kelly, JA; Winett, RA; Solomon, LJ; Cargill, VA; Roffman, RA; McAuliffe, TL; Heckman, TG; Anderson, EA; Wagstaff, DA; Norman, AD; Perry, MJ; Crumble, DA; Mercer, MB (2000). Outcomes of a randomized community-level HIV prevention intervention for women living in 18 low-income housing developments.. American journal of public health, 90(1), 57-63. [10630138], [doi]
    (last updated on 2018/07/17)

    Abstract:
    OBJECTIVES: Women in impoverished inner-city neighborhoods are at high risk for contracting HIV. A randomized, multisite community-level HIV prevention trial was undertaken with women living in 18 low-income housing developments in 5 US cities. METHODS: Baseline and 12-month follow-up population risk characteristics were assessed by surveying 690 women at both time points. In the 9 intervention condition housing developments, a community-level intervention was undertaken that included HIV risk reduction workshops and community HIV prevention events implemented by women who were popular opinion leaders among their peers. RESULTS: The proportion of women in the intervention developments who had any unprotected intercourse in the past 2 months declined from 50% to 37.6%, and the percentage of women's acts of intercourse protected by condoms increased from 30.2% to 47.2%. Among women exposed to intervention activities, the mean frequency of unprotected acts of intercourse in the past 2 months tended to be lower at follow-up (mean = 4.0) than at baseline (mean = 6.0). These changes were corroborated by changes in other risk indicators. CONCLUSIONS: Community-level interventions that involve and engage women in neighborhood-based HIV prevention activities can bring about reductions in high-risk sexual behaviors.


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