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Publications [#252425] of Kevin S. LaBar

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Journal Articles

  1. Graham, R; Friesen, CK; Fichtenholtz, HM; Labar, KS (2010). Modulation of reflexive orienting to gaze direction by facial expressions. Visual Cognition, 18(3), 331-368. [doi]
    (last updated on 2019/05/20)

    Abstract:
    Facial expression and gaze perception are thought to share brain mechanisms but behavioural interactions, especially from gaze-cueing paradigms, are inconsistent. We conducted a series of gaze-cueing studies using dynamic facial cues to examine orienting across different emotional expression and task conditions, including face inversion. Across experiments, at a short stimulus onset asynchrony (SOA) we observed both an expression effect (i.e., faster responses when the face was emotional versus neutral) and a cue validity effect (i.e., faster responses when the target was gazed-at), but no interaction between validity and emotion. Results from face inversion suggest that the emotion effect may have been due to both facial expression and stimulus motion. At longer SOAs, validity and emotion interacted such that cueing by emotional faces, fearful faces in particular, was enhanced relative to neutral faces. These results converge with a growing body of evidence that suggests that gaze and expression are initially processed independently and interact at later stages to direct attentional orienting. © 2009.


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