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Publications [#254322] of Michael A. Wallach

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Journal Articles

  1. Wallach, MA; Martin, ML (1970). Effects of social class on children's motoric expression. Developmental Psychology, 3(1), 106-113. [doi]
    (last updated on 2019/02/17)

    Abstract:
    From a consideration of middle-class vs. lower-class child-rearing practices, 2 contradictory types of predictions were formulated concerning possible effects of social class on children's motoric constriction-expansiveness. Middle-class permissiveness compared to lower-class restrictiveness regarding parental sanctions for child behavior implies the outcome of greater motoric expansiveness for middle-class than for lower-class children. However, the relative dominance of verbal forms of expression in the middle class compared to nonverbal forms of expression in the lower class implies the outcome of greater motoric expansiveness for lower-class than for middle-class children. With 283 white 1st, 2nd, 4th, and 6th grade children as Ss, greater motoric expansiveness, as measured in terms of design drawing activity, was consistently found for lower-class than for middle-class Ss of both sexes at each grade level. Thus, the latter rather than the former theoretical perspective concerning social class effects was supported. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved). © 1970 American Psychological Association.


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