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Publications [#277343] of Redford B. Williams

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Journal Articles

  1. Barefoot, JC; Haney, TL; Simpson, SW; Blumenthal, JA; Williams, RB (1990). Depression and the Assessment of Type A Behavior in a Clinical Population. Psychological Assessment, 2(4), 483-485. [doi]
    (last updated on 2019/04/25)

    Abstract:
    The Structured Interview (SI) method of assessing Type A behavior (TABP) relies on the subject's voice stylistics, whereas the Jenkins Activity Survey (JAS) relies on response content. It was hypothesized that depression would affect SI assessments by masking voice stylistics but would have no impact on JAS assessments. The SI, JAS, and the Zung Depression Scale were administered to 2,066 coronary patients. As predicted, there was a negative relationship between depression and SI-assessed TABP and a modest positive relationship between depression and JAS-assessed TABP. Analysis of Type A components revealed that loudness, explosive speech, and intensity of hostility differed between depressed and nondepressed patients. Affective states that influence expressivity appear to produce misclassifications using SI assessments, especially in clinical samples.


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