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Refereed Publications

  1. Grant, J. S. and Davis, L. L., Selection and use of content experts for instrument development., Research in nursing & health, vol. 20 no. 3 (June, 1997), pp. 269-74, ISSN 0160-6891 [doi]
    (last updated on 2010/10/20)

    Content experts frequently are used in the judgment-quantification stage of content validation of instruments. However, errors in instrumentation may arise when important steps in selecting and using these experts are not carefully planned. The systematic process of choosing, orienting, and using content experts in the judgment-qualification stage of instrument development is addressed, with particular attention to the often neglected, important step of familiarizing these experts with the conceptual underpinnings and measurement model of the instrument. An example using experts to validate content for a measure of caregiver burden is used to illustrate this stage of instrument review.

    Bias (Epidemiology) • Guidelines as Topic • Humans • Nursing Research • Peer Review, Research • Professional Competence* • Questionnaires • Reproducibility of Results • instrumentation* • methods* • standards*