Publications [#161592] of G. Allan Johnson
- A Badea, GA Johnson, RW Williams, Genetic dissection of the mouse CNS using magnetic resonance microscopy.,
Current opinion in neurology, England, vol. 22 no. 4
pp. 379-86, ISSN 1473-6551
(last updated on 2009/08/26)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Advances in magnetic resonance microscopy (MRM) make it practical to map gene variants responsible for structural variation in brains of many species, including mice and humans. We review results of a systematic genetic analysis of MRM data using as a case study a family of well characterized lines of mice. RECENT ADVANCES: MRM has matured to the point that we can generate high contrast, high-resolution images even for species as small as a mouse, with a brain merely 1/3000th the size of humans. We generated 21.5-micron data sets for a diverse panel of BXD mouse strains to gauge the extent of genetic variation, and as a prelude to comprehensive genetic and genomic analyses. Here we review MRM capabilities and image segmentation methods; heritability of brain variation; covariation of the sizes of brain regions; and correlations between MRM and classical histological data sets. SUMMARY: The combination of high throughput MRM and genomics will improve our understanding of the genetic basis of structure-function correlations. Sophisticated mouse models will be critical in converting correlations into mechanisms and in determining genetic and epigenetic causes of differences in disease susceptibility.