publications by Peter E. Malin.
- Chavarria, J. Andres and Malin, Peter E. and Shalev, Eylon, The SAFOD Pilot Hole seismic array: Wave propagation effects as a function of sensor depth and source location,
Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 31 no. 12
pp. 12 - 07 [2003GL019382] .
(last updated on 2007/04/09)
In July 2002 we installed a vertical array of seismometers in the San Andreas Fault Observatory at Depth (SAFOD) Pilot Hole (PH). The bottom of this 32 level, 1240 m long array of 3- components is located at a depth of [similar to] 2100 m below ground. Surface-explosion and microearthquake seismograms recorded by the array give valuable insights into the structure of the SAFOD site. The ratios of P- and S-wave velocities.(Vp/Vs) along the array suggest the presence of two faults intersecting the PH. The Vp/Vs ratios also depend on source-location, with high values to the NW, and lower ones to the SE, correlating with high and low creep rates along the SAF, respectively. Since higher ratios can be produced by increasing fluid saturation, we suggest that this effect might account for both our observations and their correlation with the creep distribution. Copyright 2004 by the American Geophysical Union.
Wave propagation;Observatories;Earthquakes;Creep;Site selection;Geophysics;Correlation methods;