publications by Ram Oren.
- Oren, R and Sperry, JS and Ewers, BE and Pataki, DE and Phillips, N and Megonigal, JP, Sensitivity of mean canopy stomatal conductance to vapor pressure deficit in a flooded Taxodium distichum L. forest: hydraulic and non-hydraulic effects,
OECOLOGIA, vol. 126 no. 1
pp. 21-29 [doi] .
(last updated on 2012/01/03)
We measured the xylem sap flux in 64-yearold Taxodium distichum (L.) Richard trees growing in a flooded forest using Granier-type sensors to estimate mean canopy stomatal conductance of the stand (G(S)). Temporal Variations in G(S) were investigated in relation to variation in vapor pressure deficit (D), photosynthetic photon flux density (Q(o)), and the transpiration rate per unit of leaf area (E-L), the latter variable serving as a proxy for plant water potential. We found that Gs was only weakly related to Q(o) below 500 mu mol m(-2) s(-1) (r(2)=0.29), but unrelated to Q(o) above this value. Above Q(o)=500 mu mol m(-2) s(-1) and D=0.6 kPa, G(S) decreased linearly with increasing E-L with a poor fit (r(2)=0.31), and linearly with InD with a much better fit (r(2)=0.81). The decrease of Ga with InD was at a rate predicted based on a simple hydraulic model in which stomata regulate the minimum leaf water potential. Based on the hydraulic model, stomatal sensitivity to D is proportional to stomatal conductance at low D. A hurricane caused an similar to 41\% reduction in leaf area. This resulted in a 28\% increase in Gs at D=1 kPa (G(Sref)), indicating only partial compensation. As predicted, the increase in G(Sref) after the hurricane was accompanied by a similar increase in stomatal sensitivity to D (29\%). At night, G(Sref) was similar to 20\% of the daytime value under non-limiting light (Q(o)>500 mu mol m(-2) s(-1)). However, stomatal sensitivity to D decreased only to similar to 46\% (both reductions referenced to prehurricane daytime values), thus having more than twice the sensitivity expected based on hydraulic considerations alone. Therefore, non-hydraulic processes must cause heightened nighttime stomatal sensitivity to D.