publications by Ram Oren.
- Schafer, KVR and Oren, R and Ellsworth, DS and Lai, CT and Herrick, JD and Finzi, AC and Richter, DD and Katul, GG, Exposure to an enriched CO2 atmosphere alters carbon assimilation and allocation in a pine forest ecosystem,
GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY, vol. 9 no. 10
pp. 1378-1400 [doi] .
(last updated on 2012/01/03)
We linked a leaf-level CO2 assimilation model with a model that accounts for light attenuation in the canopy and measurements of sap-flux-based canopy conductance into a new canopy conductance-constrained carbon assimilation (4C-A) model. We estimated canopy CO2 uptake (A(nC)) at the Duke Forest free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE) study. Rates of A(nC) estimated from the 4C-A model agreed well with leaf gas exchange measurements (A(net)) in both CO2 treatments. Under ambient conditions, monthly sums of net CO2 uptake by the canopy (A(nC)) were 13\% higher than estimates based on eddy-covariance and chamber measurements. Annual estimates of A(nC) were only 3\% higher than carbon (C) accumulations and losses estimated from ground-based measurements for the entire stand. The C budget for the Pinus taeda component was well constrained (within 1\% of ground-based measurements). Although the closure of the C budget for the broadleaf species was poorer (within 20\%), these species are a minor component of the forest. Under elevated CO2, the C used annually for growth, turnover, and respiration balanced only 80\% of the A(nC). Of the extra 700 g C m(-2) a(-1) (1999 and 2000 average), 86\% is attributable to surface soil CO2 efflux. This suggests that the production and turnover of fine roots was underestimated or that mycorrhizae and rhizodeposition became an increasingly important component of the C balance. Under elevated CO2, net ecosystem production increased by 272 g C m(-2) a(-1): 44\% greater than under ambient CO2. The majority (87\%) of this C was sequestered in a moderately long-term C pool in wood, with the remainder in the forest floor-soil subsystem.