- Brummer, S.B. and Cocks, F.H. and Entine, G. and Bradspies, J.I., Anomalous water-properties and factors affecting its yield,
J. Colloid Interface Sci. (USA), vol. 36 no. 4
pp. 489 - 502 .
(last updated on 2007/04/10)
Anomalous water and the residue when it is evacuated-`polywater'-has been prepared in finite capillaries and on quartz plates. Its properties have been examined and the factors affecting its yield explored. Yields of capillary-grown material are erratic. Thermal expansion and freezing data suggest similarity of this material to that reported in the Russian literature. A new result is that `polywater' contracts on solidification. This material is shown to decompose only slowly (within hours) at 650°C, and rather rapidly at 750°C. It is involatile at room temperature and survives mechanical displacement. It is deliquescent. Two factors have been shown to be important for determining the yield of anomalous water: the state of the glass surface and the instability of the vapor-surface environment
freezing;interface phenomena;surface phenomena;thermal expansion;water;