- Alebrahim, A. and Bejan, A., Thermodynamic optimization of heat-transfer equipment configuration in an environmental control system,
International Journal of Energy Research, vol. 25 no. 13
pp. 1127 - 1150  .
(last updated on 2007/04/06)
In this paper, we show that many features of a heat transfer installation can be deduced from the maximization of the global performance of the greater system that employs the installation. The heat transfer installation is a series of two cross-flow heat exchangers. The greater system is the environmental control system (ECS) of an aircraft. The global performance objective is the minimization of the total thermodynamic irreversibility of the ECS. Several architectural features are deduced from principle: the relative position of the two heat exchangers, their relative sizes, and all the geometric aspect ratios of the two heat exchanger cores. We find that the optimized architecture is insensitive (robust) to changes in some of the external parameters. Robustness is a useful feature because it simplifies the design work. Furthermore, one design that is built can be expected to function at near-optimal levels when the external parameters change. The application of this method of topology optimization to more complex systems is discussed. Copyright © 2001 John Wiley and Sons, Ltd.
Thermodynamics;Heat exchangers;Aspect ratio;Topology;Optimization;