- Bejan, A. and Anderson, R., Natural convection at the interface between a vertical porous layer and an open space,
Journal of Heat Transfer, Transactions ASME, vol. 105 no. 1
pp. 124 - 9 .
(last updated on 2007/04/08)
This paper examines the interaction by natural convection between a fluid-saturated porous medium and a fluid reservoir separated by a vertical impermeable partition. The two fluid systems are maintained at different temperatures. The analysis is simplified by assuming Pr≫1 in the fluid reservoir. It is shown analytically that the flow and temperature fields in the boundary layer regime consist of two fluid layers in counterflow. The interface temperatures is shown to increase monotonically with altitude. The important dimensionless group which governs the fluid mechanics is B=(kRaK1/2)/(k'Ra1/4), where k,k',RaK and Ra are, respectively, the porous medium conductivity, reservoir fluid conductivity. Darcy-modified Rayleigh number based on partition height, and the reservoir Rayleigh number based on partition height. The effect of parameter, B, on the flow, temperature, and heat transfer is documented in the range 0<B<∞