- Mahajan, Aparajit J. and Dowell, Earl H. and Bliss, Donald B., Role of artificial viscosity in Euler and Navier-Stokes solvers,
AIAA Journal, vol. 29 no. 4
pp. 555 - 559 .
(last updated on 2007/04/09)
A method is proposed to determine directly the amount of artificial viscosity needed for stability using an eigenvalue analysis for a finite difference representation of the Navier-Stokes equations. The stability and growth of small perturbations about a steady flow over airfoils are analyzed for various amounts of artificial viscosity. The eigenvalues were determined for a small time-dependent perturbation about a steady inviscid flow over a NACA 0012 airfoil at a Mach number of 0.8 and angle of attack of 0 deg. The method has been applied to inviscid flows here, but as discussed is also applicable to viscous flows. The movement of the eigenvalue constellation with respect to the amount of artificial viscosity is studied. The stability boundaries as a function of the amount of artificial viscosity from both the eigenvalue analysis and the time-marching scheme are also presented. The eigenvalue procedure not only allows for determining the effect of varying amounts of artificial viscosity, but also for the effects of different forms of artificial viscosity.
Flow of Fluids--Viscous;Fluid Mechanics--Mathematical Models;Mathematical Techniques--Finite Difference Method;Viscosity--Calculations;