Papers Published

  1. Bliss, Donald B. and Teske, Milton E. and Quackenbush, Todd R., NEW METHODOLOGY FOR FREE WAKE ANALYSIS USING CURVED VORTEX ELEMENTS., NASA Contractor Reports (1987), pp. 134 - .
    (last updated on 2007/04/09)

    A method using curved vortex elements has been developed for helicopter rotor free wake calculations. The Basic Curved Vortex Element (BCVE) is derived from the approximate Biot-Savart integration for a parabolic arc filament. When used in conjunction with a scheme to fit the elements along a vortex filament contour, this method has a significant advantage in overall accuracy and efficiency when compared to the traditional straight-line element approach. A theoretical and numerical analysis shows that free wake flows involving close interactions between filaments should utilize curved vortex elements in order to guarantee a consistent level of accuracy. The curved element method was implemented into a forward flight free wake analysis, featuring an adaptive far wake model that utilizes free wake information to extend the vortex filaments beyond the free wake region. The curved vortex element free wake, coupled with this far wake model, exhibited rapid convergence, even in regions where the free wake and far wake turns are interlaced.