- Garg, D.P. and Fath, A. and Martinez, A., Real-time open-platform-based control of cooperating industrial robotic manipulators,
Proceedings of the 2002 IEEE International Symposium on Intelligent Control (Cat. No.02CH37395)
pp. 428 - 33 [ISIC.2002.1157801] .
(last updated on 2007/04/10)
The real-time control of multiple robots requires the design and implementation of innovative techniques to overcome the inherent complexities of a multi-agent closed kinematic system. This paper presents an application of software based control as a means for utilizing novel control algorithms on real-world multiple robotic systems. The configuration and motivation of the robotic system definition, application notes, and results are included. Remote real-time computer control allows software-enabled controllers to handle tasks with far greater computational complexity than through currently available industrial controllers. The methodology is based upon hierarchical interfaces defined by timing and complexity constraints. A supervisory control interface abstracts the control algorithms from the hardware, allowing new tools to be added, removed, or upgraded with minimum system downtime and reconfiguration. In order to demonstrate a real time control task, two industrial 6-axis robots are used to manipulate a common heavy load. The hierarchical control scheme used is devised to manage the interfaces between the manipulators, robot controllers, and a supervisory computer controller. This control system is developed in Mathworks Simulink control environment as a combination of high-level control modules, middleware interface functions, and low-level software drivers
computerised control;cooperative systems;flexible manufacturing systems;industrial manipulators;manipulator kinematics;middleware;multi-robot systems;open systems;real-time systems;