- Petsev, D. N. and Lopez, G. P., Electrostatic potential and electroosmotic flow in a cylindrical capillary filled with symmetric electrolyte: Analytic solutions in thin double layer approximation,
JOURNAL OF COLLOID AND INTERFACE SCIENCE, vol. 294 no. 2
pp. 492--498 [doi] .
(last updated on 2010/02/08)
The electrostatic potential in a capillary filled with electrolyte is derived by solving the nonlinear Poisson-Boltzmann equation using the method of matched asymptotic expansions. This approach allows obtaining an analytical result for arbitrary high wall potential if the double layer thickness is smaller than the capillary radius. The derived expression for the electrostatic potential is compared to numerical solutions of the Poisson-Boltzmarm equation and it is shown that the agreement is excellent for capillaries with radii greater or equal to four times the electrical double layer thickness. The knowledge of the electrostatic potential distribution inside the capillary enables the derivation of the electroosmotic velocity flow profile in an analytical form. The obtained results are applicable to capillaries with radii ranging from nanometers to micrometers depending on the ionic strength of the solution. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.