- Yim, H. and Kent, M. S. and Satija, S. and Mendez, S. and Balamurugan, S. S. and Balamurugan, S. and Lopez, G. P., Evidence for vertical phase separation in densely grafted, high-molecular-weight poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) brushes in water,
PHYSICAL REVIEW E, vol. 72 no. 5
pp. 051801 [doi] .
(last updated on 2010/02/08)
The detailed conformational change of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM) brushes at high grafting density in D2O was investigated as a function of temperature using neutron reflection. PNIPAM chains were grafted at high surface density from gold and silicon oxide surfaces by atom transfer radical polymerization. Whereas single layer profiles were observed for temperatures below and above the transition region, bilayer profiles were observed for a narrow range of temperatures near the transition. This nonmonotonic change in the concentration profile with temperature is discussed in the context of theoretical models of vertical phase separation within a brush.