- Gajo, Alessandro and Loret, Benjamin and Hueckel, Tomasz, Electro-chemo-mechanical couplings in saturated porous media: Elastic-plastic behaviour of heteroionic expansive clays,
International Journal of Solids and Structures, vol. 39 no. 16
pp. 4327 - 4362 [S0020-7683(02)00231-7] .
(last updated on 2007/04/09)
Chemically active saturated clays containing several cations are considered in a two-phase framework. The solid phase contains the negatively charged clay particles, absorbed water and ions. The fluid phase, or pore water, contains free water and ions. Electroneutrality is ensured in both phases, which gives rise to electrical fields. Water and ions can transfer between the two phases. In addition, a part of free water diffuses through the porous medium. A global understanding of all phenomena, deformation, transfer, diffusion and electroneutrality, is provided. Emphasis is laid on the electro-chemo-mechanical constitutive equations in an elastic-plastic setting. Elastic chemo-mechanical coupling is introduced through a potential, in such a way that the tangent elastic stiffness is symmetric. Material parameters needed to estimate the coupling are calibrated from specific experiments available in the recent literature. The elastic-plastic behaviour aims at reproducing qualitatively and quantitatively typical experimental phenomena observed on natural clays during chemical and mixed chemo-mechanical loadings, including chemical consolidation and swelling already described in Int. J. Solids Structures (39 (10), 2773-2806) in the simpler context of Na-Montmorillonite clays. Crucially, the successive exposure of a clay to pore solutions with chemical content dominated by a cation already present in the clay or quasi-absent leads to dramatically different volume changes, in agreement with experimental data. © 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Porous materials;Positive ions;Elastoplasticity;Electric fields;Deformation;Stiffness;Diffusion;Calibration;Saturation (materials composition);