- Kaczmarek, Mariusz and Hueckel, Tomasz and Chawla, Vikas and Imperiali, Pierluigi, Transport through a clay barrier with the contaminant concentration dependent permeability,
Transport in Porous Media, vol. 29 no. 2
pp. 159 - 178 [A:1006565417159] .
(last updated on 2007/04/09)
Transport of contaminants through clays is characterized by a very low dispersivity, but depends on the sensitivity of its intrinsic permeability to the contaminant's concentration. An additional constitutive relationship for a variable intrinsic permeability is thus adopted leading to a coupled system of equations for diffusive-advective transport in multicomponent liquid. A one-dimensional transport problem is solved using finite difference and Newton-Raphson procedure for nonlinear algebraic equations. The results indicate that although diffusion contributes to an increase of transport with respect to pure advection, the flux ultimately depends on end boundary conditions for concentration which, if low, may actually slow down the evolution of concentration and thus of permeability. Indeed, the advective component of flux may still remain secondary if the end portion of the layer remains unaffected by high concentrations. With no constraints on concentration at the bottom (zero concentration gradient boundary condition) and high concentration applied at the top, a significant shortening of the breakthrough time occurs.
Clay;Transport properties;Mechanical permeability;Impurities;Diffusion in solids;Finite difference method;Nonlinear equations;Algebra;Boundary conditions;